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Maxwell memorializes Rosa Parks, SecAF pays tribute to civil rights leader

Maxwell AFB, Ala. – Secretary of the Air Force Barbara M. Barrett joins 42d Air Base Wing Commander Colonel Eries Mentzer, Montgomery Mayor Steven L. Reed, and other dignitaries in unveiling a memorial honoring Rosa Parks on the 65th anniversary of the Montgomery Bus Boycott, Dec. 1, 2020. Ian Mangum created the sculpture of Parks, who had worked at the Maxwell Field Guest House prior to her refusal to relinquish her seat on a segregated bus. (US Air Force photo by Melanie Rodgers Cox)

Maxwell AFB, Ala. – Secretary of the Air Force Barbara M. Barrett joins 42d Air Base Wing Commander Colonel Eries Mentzer, Montgomery Mayor Steven L. Reed, and other dignitaries in unveiling a memorial honoring Rosa Parks on the 65th anniversary of the Montgomery Bus Boycott, Dec. 1, 2020. Ian Mangum created the sculpture of Parks, who had worked at the Maxwell Field Guest House prior to her refusal to relinquish her seat on a segregated bus. (US Air Force photo by Melanie Rodgers Cox)

Col. Eries Mentzer, commander of the 42nd Air Base Wing, speaks during a memorialization ceremony on Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, Dec. 1, 2020, the 65th anniversary of her arrest for refusing to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus. This event marked the start of a 382-day effort to help increase inclusion so that all Airmen here at Maxwell can rise to their best. To help make this possible, Mentzer formed a team of individuals from around the Maxwell-Gunter community called the Freedom to Serve Initiative, whose goal is to help identify and form solutions to obstacles that may be impeding Airmen’s success. (U.S. Air Force photo by Trey Ward)

Col. Eries Mentzer, commander of the 42nd Air Base Wing, speaks during a memorialization ceremony on Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, Dec. 1, 2020, the 65th anniversary of her arrest for refusing to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus. This event marked the start of a 382-day effort to help increase inclusion so that all Airmen here at Maxwell can rise to their best. To help make this possible, Mentzer formed a team of individuals from around the Maxwell-Gunter community called the Freedom to Serve Initiative, whose goal is to help identify and form solutions to obstacles that may be impeding Airmen’s success. (U.S. Air Force photo by Trey Ward)

Bryan Stevenson, Equal Justice Initiative director, speaks during a memorialization ceremony in honor of Rosa Parks on the 65th Anniversary of her refusal to give up her seat on a Montgomery Bus Dec. 1, 2020, on Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama. The event featured an unveiling of a new Rosa Parks sculpture created by Ian Mangum, a 42nd Force Support Squadron team member. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Charles Welty)

Bryan Stevenson, Equal Justice Initiative director, speaks during a memorialization ceremony in honor of Rosa Parks on the 65th Anniversary of her refusal to give up her seat on a Montgomery Bus Dec. 1, 2020, on Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama. The event featured an unveiling of a new Rosa Parks sculpture created by Ian Mangum, a 42nd Force Support Squadron team member. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Charles Welty)

The Mayor of Montgomery Steven Reed speaks during a memorialization ceremony in honor of Rosa Parks on the 65th Anniversary of her refusal to give up her seat on a Montgomery Bus Dec. 1, 2020, on Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama. A few of the other distinguished visitors in attendance were the Secretary of the Air Force Barbara Barrett, Bryan Stevenson, Equal Justice Initiative director and Lt. Gen. Brad Webb, Air Education and Training Command commander, who watched the event via live stream. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Charles Welty)

The Mayor of Montgomery Steven Reed speaks during a memorialization ceremony in honor of Rosa Parks on the 65th Anniversary of her refusal to give up her seat on a Montgomery Bus Dec. 1, 2020, on Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama. A few of the other distinguished visitors in attendance were the Secretary of the Air Force Barbara Barrett, Bryan Stevenson, Equal Justice Initiative director and Lt. Gen. Brad Webb, Air Education and Training Command commander, who watched the event via live stream. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Charles Welty)

Col. Eries Mentzer, 42nd Air Base Wing commander, is joined by Secretary of the Air Force Barbara Barrett and other distinguished visitors Dec. 1, 2020, for the unveiling of a Rosa Parks memorial sculpture. Many people may know of the work Rosa Parks did during the civil rights movement, but less may know she worked on Maxwell Air Force Base in the 1940s. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Charles Welty)

Col. Eries Mentzer, 42nd Air Base Wing commander, is joined by Secretary of the Air Force Barbara Barrett and other distinguished visitors Dec. 1, 2020, for the unveiling of a Rosa Parks memorial sculpture. Many people may know of the work Rosa Parks did during the civil rights movement, but less may know she worked on Maxwell Air Force Base in the 1940s. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Charles Welty)

Bryan Stevenson, Equal Justice Initiative director (left), Secretary of the Air Force Barbara Barrett, Mayor of Montgomery Steven Reed and Col. Eries Mentzer, 42nd Air Base Wing commander, pose for a photo on Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, Dec. 1, 2020, the 65th anniversary of her arrest for refusing to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus. The event marks the start of a 382-day partnership between Maxwell and the city of Montgomery. The partnership’s aim is to focus on diversity and inclusion so everyone can “rise to their best,” said Mentzer. To make this possible, she formed the Freedom to Serve Initiative, a team of Airmen whose goal is to identify and find solutions to obstacles that may impede Airmen’s success. (U.S. Air Force photo by Trey Ward)

Bryan Stevenson, Equal Justice Initiative director (left), Secretary of the Air Force Barbara Barrett, Mayor of Montgomery Steven Reed and Col. Eries Mentzer, 42nd Air Base Wing commander, pose for a photo on Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, Dec. 1, 2020, the 65th anniversary of her arrest for refusing to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus. The event marks the start of a 382-day partnership between Maxwell and the city of Montgomery. The partnership’s aim is to focus on diversity and inclusion so everyone can “rise to their best,” said Mentzer. To make this possible, she formed the Freedom to Serve Initiative, a team of Airmen whose goal is to identify and find solutions to obstacles that may impede Airmen’s success. (U.S. Air Force photo by Trey Ward)

A new Rosa Parks sculpture created by Ian Mangum, a 42nd Force Support Squadron team member, sits on display shortly after its unveiling Dec. 1, 2020, on Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama. Many people may know of the work Rosa Parks did during the civil rights movement, but less may know she worked on Maxwell Air Force Base in the 1940s. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Charles Welty)

A new Rosa Parks sculpture created by Ian Mangum, a 42nd Force Support Squadron team member, sits on display shortly after its unveiling Dec. 1, 2020, on Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama. Many people may know of the work Rosa Parks did during the civil rights movement, but less may know she worked on Maxwell Air Force Base in the 1940s. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Charles Welty)

MAXWELL AIR FORCE BASE, Ala. --

Air Force and Montgomery leaders honored Rosa Parks with a memorialization ceremony on Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, Dec. 1, 2020, the 65th anniversary of her arrest for refusing to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus.

Secretary of the Air Force Barbara Barrett, Montgomery Mayor Steven Reed, Col. Eries Mentzer, 42nd Air Base Wing commander, Bryan Stevenson, Equal Justice Initiative founder and director and several other dignitaries were on hand for the unveiling of the Rosa Parks sculpture, created by Ian Mangum, a 42nd Force Support Squadron team member.

“65 years ago today, a woman about my age refused to give up her seat on a city bus in protest of segregated transportation in Montgomery. That woman was Mrs. Rosa L. Parks,” said Mentzer. “She was not tired, she was tired of giving in. Her moral courage in that moment sparked a movement that changed our nation for the better.”

Parks’ arrest for refusing to give up her seat sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott, which is a well-known part of American history; however, lesser-known is that she worked as a seamstress in lodging on Maxwell Field in the 1940s.

“Today, we salute Ms. Rosa Parks, once as a civilian member of the United States Army Air Corps and forever a civil rights icon,” said Barrett. “On that cold December 1st, the diminutive, bespeckled, 42-year-old Rosa Parks took a stand by keeping her seat. Her simple “no” sparked a movement for equanimity in America.”

During her time on Maxwell Field, Parks and her husband Raymond, who worked at the military barbershop, experienced integrated public spaces and transportation while suffering segregation in the local community. In her memoir, Parks stated, “You might just say Maxwell opened my eyes up. It was an alternative to the ugly policies of Jim Crow.”

The event marks the start of a 382-day partnership between Maxwell and the city of Montgomery. The partnership’s aim is to focus on diversity and inclusion so everyone can “rise to their best,” said Mentzer. To make this possible, she formed the Freedom to Serve Initiative, a team of Airmen whose goal is to identify and find solutions to obstacles that may impede Airmen’s success.

“It’s an honor to commemorate such a courageous woman whose act of courage and life of activism led to many of the accomplishments and things we take for granted today,” said Reed. “We hope that by partnering with Maxwell Air Force Base for the next 382 days, we can share in ways that we can all be more inclusive and we can all do things to match … to live up to … the legacy and responsibility of Ms. Rosa Parks.”

Beyond Maxwell and Montgomery, Parks’ legacy has served as an inspiration for Airmen worldwide, and the Air Force is proud to consider her a part of the family.

“Rosa Parks began the modern civil rights movement in the United States in 1955, and she changed the course of history,” said Lt. Gen. Brad Webb, commander of Air Education and Training Command, who watched the event via live stream. “Her courage and conviction were an inspiration to us all, and remind me how important it is for leadership to continue having difficult conversations that lead to lasting change in our organization. History will judge how we respond to current events, and I can’t think of a better role model than Rosa Parks to help us improve. This memorial is a fitting tribute to her American legacy.”