Shaping the Information Environment Published March 10, 2022 PACAF/PA TOPIC SPONSOR: PACAF/PA Looking to see if there is a proven effective way to shape the information environment during Phase 0/Phase I operations, specifically in regards to near peer competitors. Do TTPs exist that PACAF/PA should be aware of to dial up and down the amount of deterrence/pressure messaging for effective deterrence and to avoid escalation? Crimm, Mark A., "Rethinking Deterrence: Using Social Science to Improve Planning and Prediction," AF Fellows paper, 2022, 3 pgs. Hignite, Lt. Col. Greg, "Sustaining Relevance: Public Affairs and Information Operations in an Era of Great Power Competition," AWC PSP, 2020, 41 pgs. Lubove, Capt. Jesse, "Chinese Investment in the Data Economy," SOS AUAR/ISR paper, 2022, 12 pgs.