Each of the three phases has four elements. In the Identify Issues phase, these consist of military and civilian resources and data. In the Initial Efforts and Gain/Sustain Momentum phases, they are actions: analysis, relationships, planning, and implementation. While all are essential to improving public K-12 education, again a command team can start with any of the elements.
The approach is not linear. Phases and elements form a series of feedback loops. Progress from one will inform the others. Lastly, leaders may engage in several phases or elements simultaneously.