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Walker Papers

Walker Papers are selected and published from over 50 papers written by field grade officers participating in the Air Force Fellows program. Selected officers attend civilian universities and organizations for one year, studying national security strategy and serving as military ambassadors to prestigious institutions. The papers, named after Brig Gen Kenneth N. Walker, a former Air Corps Tactical School instructor and Medal of Honor recipient in the Pacific during World War II, are published annually.

  •  A US Strategy for Iran [ONLINE ONLY]

    A US Strategy for Iran [ONLINE ONLY]

    Lt Col Charles A. Douglass, USAF, and Lt Col Michael D. Hays, USAF
    No contemporary foreign policy issues captures more headlines or elicits more debate than US relations with the largest country in the Middle East and potential nuclear power, the Islamic Republic of Iran. Colonels Douglass and Hays researched the history of the Persians and talked with noted experts to analyze why Iran acts the way it does toward the United States and how we can use that knowledge to develop a strategy based on potential vulnerabilities created by Iran’s history and the nature of the country and its people. Current opportunities are addressed in their short-term strategy proposal as well as a long-term strategic outlook. [Lt Col Charles A. Douglass, USAF, and Lt Col Michael D. Hays, USAF / 2008 / 130 pages / ISBN: 978-1-58566-200-5 / AU Press Code: P-54]
  •  Department of Defense Energy Strategy

    Department of Defense Energy Strategy

    Col Gregory J. Lengyel, USAF
    Colonel Lengyel addresses the need for a national energy policy to meet the United States’ insatiable thrust for energy, especially its implications for the Department of Defense. He argues cogently that the United States has created one of the mightiest militaries in the world but sadly has fallen short in its efforts to create a viable energy strategy. His proposals for conserving energy include “bases operating on 100 percent renewable energy,” among others. [Col Gregory J. Lengyel, USAF / 2008 / 104 pages / ISBN: 978-1-58566-174-9 / AU Press Code: P-52]
  •  Developing Doctrine for the Future Joint Force [ONLINE ONLY]

    Developing Doctrine for the Future Joint Force [ONLINE ONLY]

    Charles Q. Brown Jr.
    Colonel Brown argues that recent operations have highlighted seams and shortfalls in joint doctrine that need to be addressed in the shaping of a more effective future joint force. Using the current doctrine command and control tenets and Joint Operations Concept attributes as a framework, Colonel Brown develops the foundation of air-ground doctrine for the future joint force. Using case studies from recent contingencies to illustrate gaps in current doctrine, he proposes doctrinal concepts via five air-ground integration focus areas: supporting/supported relationships, establishing directives and emerging concepts, synchronization of interdiction and maneuver, joint fires concepts, and fire support coordination measures. Colonel Brown proposes support relationships be defined by the joint force commander based on operational objectives. Joint force commanders would then articulate intent, relationships, and objectives through proposed establishing directive guidance. Colonel Brown also proposes a responsive and interoperable joint organizational construct capable of integrating the effects created by fire and maneuver. He completes his proposals by recommending a standardized coordination-measure construct to allow timely decision making and execution in future joint operations. [Charles Q. Brown Jr. / 2005 / 136 pages / ISBN: 1-58566-147-3 / AU Press Code: P-25]
  •  Future of NATO-Russian Relations or How to Dance with a Bear and Not Get Mauled

    Future of NATO-Russian Relations or How to Dance with a Bear and Not Get Mauled

    Gordon B. Hendrickson
    Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact, NATO has enlarged its membership twice with countries formerly under Soviet influence and control and, as of this writing, is preparing to begin the process for a third expansion. Russia has watched the borders of NATO creep ever closer to its own but has generally been powerless to prevent it. Although NATO has taken pains to include and consult with Russia regarding its actions and future plans, former air attaché to the US Embassy in Moscow Gordon Hendrickson contends the Kremlin cannot reasonably be expected to continue to watch NATO’s eastward expansion without eventually pushing back hard. Without question, many significant issues and challenges must still be solved before enlarging the alliance once again. In light of this, the author says NATO must work rigorously to continue to keep Russia engaged in a productive and mutually beneficial relationship as both sides work through the future obstacles that inevitably will arise in the NATO/Russian relationship. [Gordon B. Hendrickson / 2006 / 80 pages / ISBN: 158566-139-2 / AU Press Code: P-43]
  •  Intelligence Reform

    Intelligence Reform

    John D. Bansemer
    On 22 July 2004 the 9/11 Commission released its report on the events surrounding the attacks of 11 September 2001. The 9/11 Report renewed calls for reform of the intelligence community (IC), continuing a long series of intelligence reform efforts that began shortly after the National Security Act of 1947 laid the foundation of the modern IC. As reform proceeds and government officials consider further changes, three topics remain relevant: (1) the 1986 Goldwater-Nichols reform of the Department of Defense and its applicability to the IC, (2) the common findings and recommendations of past reform efforts of the IC, and (3) the competing interests inherent in the IC that influence the pace and character of actual reform. This study explores these topics in the context of the 9/11 Report and the subsequent reform efforts initiated by the executive and legislative branches. While there was common motivation between the latest effort to reform the IC and the earlier DOD reform effort as embodied in the Goldwater-Nichols Act, it remains less clear if the measures taken in the DOD case are equally applicable to the IC. One reason to question the applicability of DOD reform efforts to the IC is the unique organizational context of the IC—an interagency organization supporting multiple departments as well as national policy makers. Reform of the IC is unlike reform of a single cabinet-level department, for at its most basic level the IC exists to enhance the effectiveness of multiple departments and senior policy makers in the accomplishment of their assigned functions. In short, the IC serves varied interests with sometimes shared and sometimes conflicting intelligence needs. This organizational context suggests that successful reform requires an on-going recalibration of competing interests to meet the changing demands inherent within a dynamic national security environment. [John D. Bansemer / 2006 / 192 pages / ISBN: 1-58566-151-1 / AU Press Code: P-42]
  •  Outsourcing the Air Force Mission [ONLINE ONLY]

    Outsourcing the Air Force Mission [ONLINE ONLY]

    William G. Palmby
    Colonel Palmby’s study not only serves as a primer for readers not intimately familiar with either outsourcing or the acquisition/manpower career fields, but also provides Air Force leadership and decision makers recommendations designed to help them resolve or prevent the numerous pitfalls that accompany the outsourcing process. Toward those ends, it provides background on the terminology, processes, and regulatory guidance used in outsourcing. It also reviews various forces that drive the Air Force toward outsourcing as a resource option and analyzes the advantages and disadvantages that may reside in any outsourcing situation. The paper also examines numerous issues facing the Air Force and Department of Defense in general as the outsourcing of missions continues to increase. Additionally, the paper offers some critical recommendations designed to help begin the considerable effort of evolving the Air Force’s culture and structure to allow full integration of outsourcing as a key and equal component of its Total Force team. [William G. Palmby / 2006 / 84 pages / ISBN: 1-58566-150-3 / AU Press Code: P-40]
  •  Recapitalizing Nuclear Weapons

    Recapitalizing Nuclear Weapons

    Edgar M. Vaughan
    More than six decades after Hiroshima and almost two since the end of the Cold War, the US nuclear weapons stockpile is undergoing an extensive and expensive life-extension program to ensure the continued safety, security, and reliability of the legacy weapons well into the future. The current stockpile does not meet post–Cold War national security challenges. Today’s challenge is to sustain and modernize the US nuclear weapons infrastructure with minimal risk and cost. Lt Col Ed Vaughan advocates that to mitigate the risks and address the highly uncertain future security environment, the recapitalization of US nuclear weapons should begin immediately. [Edgar M. Vaughan / 2007 / 80 pages / ISBN: 978-1-58566-170-1 / AU Press Code: P-47]
  •  Rethinking The QDR

    Rethinking The QDR

    Lt Col P. Dean Patterson, Jr., USMC and Lt Col Lenny J. Richoux, USAF
    P. Dean Patterson and Lenny J. Richoux offer a cogent argument for a Department of Defense quadrennial defense review (QDR). Having been established in 1997, the QDR is a relatively new process. It examines the budgetary process to ensure that taxpayers’ money is well spent. At the same time, it is equally important to ensure that each service receives its far share of the allocation pie. Abandoning the QDR, enlarging it, or creating a persistent QDR are the only viable options the authors believe are available. Of the three choices, Patterson and Richoux believe that creating a persistent QDR provides the best option. [Lt Col P. Dean Patterson, Jr., USMC and Lt Col Lenny J. Richoux, USAF / 2009 / 72 pages / ISBN: 978-1-58566-188-6 / AU Press Code: P-62]
  •  The “In Lieu Of” Myth

    The “In Lieu Of” Myth

    Lt Col David W. Marttala, USAF
    Lt Col Dave Marttala discusses the Air Force deployment of large numbers of Airmen to perform various combat support functions doctrinally assigned to the Army or Marine Corps. Known as “In Lieu Of” (ILO) deployment (since then the term has changed to “Joint Expeditionary Tasking” [JET]), this program has evolved from a temporary assistance measure to a de facto permanent reallocation of service roles and missions. This study gives attention to the serious, central problem of the long-term negative effects of this program on the comprehensive military capacity to fight modern wars. Using Air Force security forces as a case study, he demonstrates that ILO solutions actually do more harm than good, creating an illusion of adaptation that obscures the nature and scope of the problem, thereby jeopardizing future war-fighting capability among our collective military forces. He concludes by offering practical recommendations to rebalance requirements and resources for modern warfare. [Lt Col David W. Marttala, USAF / 2009 / 107 pages / ISBN: 978-1-58566-172-5 / AU Press Code: P-61]
  •  The Credibility of America's Extended Nuclear Deterrent

    The Credibility of America's Extended Nuclear Deterrent

    William G. Eldridge Colonel, USAF
    As Iran moves ever closer to a nuclear weapons capability, will other area powers such as Turkey decide to acquire their own nuclear weapons and embark on a crash nuclear weapons program to provide their own deterrent? Or will Turkey’s leaders trust in the United States’ extended nuclear deterrent for Turkey’s security? Col William G. Eldridge has explored this question in depth. To shore up the United States’ ability to convince the Turks to stay in the nonnuclear category, he recommends keeping the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and bilateral alliances with Turkey strong and, with Turkey, establishing a more common vision for the Middle East. He also advises reducing trade barriers with Turkey, maintaining and even increasing military arms trading and aid, keeping US forces in present numbers in Turkey and improving militaryto- military ties, maintaining Turkey as a partner in dual-capable aircraft production, and, for now, keeping some US nuclear weapons in NATO Europe. [William G. Eldridge Colonel, USAF / 2011 / 113 pages / ISBN: / AU Press Code: P-85]
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