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  • In their Own Words: Military-Civil Fusion Lexicon

    This paper is intended as a reference guide for the group of terms frequently used in Chinese official discourse to describe the practice of civil military integration and civil military relations in China.  Although military-civil fusion (MCF) was elevated to a national strategy under Xi Jinping,

  • Jiang Luming- Architect of China's Military-Civil Fusion Strategy

    This short report provides biographical information about Major General Dr. Jiang Luming [姜鲁鸣], an influential thinker and strategist, pioneer in the field of defense economics in China and the preeminent scholar behind China’s Military-Civil Fusion (MCF) strategy.Click here for the full PDF

  • China's Military-Civil Fusion Strategy

    Military-Civil Fusion (MCF), this term seems like a counterpart to the American term civil-military integration (CMI), but in reality it is far deeper and more complex. Whereas, according to the U.S. Congressional Office of Technology Assessment, America’s CMI is “cooperation between government