Published by the Air University Press, The Air Force Journal of Indo-Pacific Affairs (JIPA) is a professional journal of the US Air Force and a forum for worldwide dialogue regarding the Indo-Pacific region, spanning from the west coasts of the Americas to the eastern shores of Africa and covering much of Asia and all of Oceania. The journal fosters intellectual and professional development for members of the Air Force and the world’s other English-speaking militaries and informs decision makers and academicians around the globe.

ISSN: 2576-5361 (print) & 2576-537X (digital)

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Articles submitted to the journal must be unclassified, nonsensitive, and releasable to the public. Features represent fully researched, thoroughly documented, and peer-reviewed scholarly articles 5,000 to 6,000 words in length. Views articles are shorter than Features—3,000 to 5,000 words—typically expressing well-thought-out and developed opinions about regional topics. The Commentary section offers a forum about current subjects of interest. These short posts are 1,500 to 2,500 words in length. Submit all manuscripts to  

The views and opinions expressed or implied in JIPA are those of the authors and should not be construed as carrying the official sanction of the United States Air Force, the Department of Defense, Air Education and Training Command, Air University, or other agencies or departments of the US government.

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The journal publishes book reviews to inform our readers and enhance the content of its articles. Reviewers are asked to analyze the book and provide an exclusive, original, unpublished, concise evaluation. The first section of the analysis should normally be the shortest and indicate the type of book (biography, anthology, history, monograph, etc.). Include a very short author biographic citation and then describe the context of the book in the literature of the field. Next, thoroughly analyze the thesis and arguments in the work. What are the strong points of the argument? What are the limitations in the work, including author biases? Is the thesis supported? What are the implications of the argument? Are there any profound aspects of the book? This section will be the longest part of the analysis. Finally, the analysis should finish with recommendations for improvement. Clearly state whether this book is worth reading, who may find this book most interesting, and why.

All books are free to reviewers. Each analysis must be submitted electronically within 45 days of book receipt. Limit your text to approximately 1,000 words, carefully edited.

Submit reviews or questions via e-mail to:

Current Books for Review

Ahmed, Faiz. Afghanistan Rising: Islamic Law and Statecraft between the Ottoman and British Empires. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2017.

Brooks, Max, John Amble, ML Cavanaugh, and Jaym Gates, eds. Strategy Strikes Back: How Star Wars Explains Modern Military Conflict. Lincoln, NE: Potomac Books, 2018.

Celeski, Joseph D. Special Air Warfare and the Secret War in Laos: Air Commandos, 1964-1975. Maxwell AFB, AL: Air University Press, 2019.

Chang, Paul Y. Protest Dialectics: State Repression and South Korea’s Democracy Movement, 1970-1979. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2015.

Chowdhury, Nusrat Sabina. Paradoxes of the Popular: Crowd Politics in Bangladesh. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2019.

Ci, Jiwei. Democracy in China: The Coming Crisis. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2019.

Doron, Assa, and Robin Jeffrey. Waste of a Nation: Garbage and Growth in India. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2018.

Dye, Peter. The Man Who Took the Rap: Sir Robert Brooke-Popham and the Fall of Singapore. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2018.

Elrod, Roy H. We Were Going to Win, or Die There: With the Marines at Guadalcanal, Tarawa, and Saipan. Edited by Fred H Allison. Denton: University of North Texas Press, 2017.

Fey, Peter. Bloody Sixteen: The USS Oriskany and Air Wing 16 during the Vietnam War. Lincoln, NE: Potomac Books, 2018.

Frampton, Martyn. The Muslim Brotherhood and the West. A History of Enmity and Engagement. Cambridge, MA: Belknap, 2018.

Glenn, Tom. Last of the Annamese: A Novel. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2017.

Groh, Tyrone L. Proxy War: The Least Bad Option. Stanford CA: Stanford University Press, 2019.

Jalal, Ayesha. The Struggle for Pakistan: A Muslim Homeland and Global Politics. Cambridge, MA: Belknap, 2014.

Lenoir, Timothy, and Luke Caldwell. The Military-Entertainment Complex. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2018.

Madsen, Grant. Sovereign Soldiers How the U.S. Military Transformed the Global Economy after World War II. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2018.

McHugo, John. A Concise History of Sunnis & Shi’is. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2017.

Merlan, Francesca. Dynamics of Difference in Australia: Indigenous Past and Present in a Settler Country. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2018.

Moore, Stephen L. Uncommon Valor: The Recon Company That Earned Five Medals of Honor and Included America’s Most Decorated Green Beret. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2018.

Ransmeier, Johanna S. Sold People Traffickers and Family Life in North China. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2017.

Rizvi, Mubbashir A. The Ethics of Staying: Social Movements and Land Rights Politics in Pakistan. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2019.

Shahrani M. Nazif, ed. Modern Afghanistan: The Impact of 40 Years of War. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2018.

Singh, Naunihal. Seizing Power: The Strategic Logic of Military Coups. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014.

Swope, Kenneth M. On the Trail of the Yellow Tiger: War, Trauma, and Social Dislocation in Southwest China during the Ming-Qing Transition. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 2018.

Trauschweizer, Ingo. Maxwell Taylor's Cold War: From Berlin to Vietnam. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2019.

Wright, Nicholas D., ed. Artificial Intelligence, China, Russia, and the Global Order. Maxwell AFB, AL: Air University Press, 2019. 

Xu, Yan. The Soldier Image and State-building in Modern China, 1924-1945. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2019.

Yablonka, Marc Phillip. Vietnam Bao Chi: Warriors of Word and Film. Philadelphia: Casemate, 2018.

Younger, Stephen M. Silver State Dreadnought: The Remarkable Story of Battleship Nevada. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2018.

You can reach our editorial staff at

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Volume 01 Issue 2 - Winter 2018

  • A long journey--Varyag under tow to China en route Istanbul. (Photo courtesy US Naval War College)

    The Chinese Aircraft Carrier Program and Its Influence in the Chinese Naval Strategy

    Alejandro A. Vilches Alarcón
    For two decades, the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) immersed itself in an incomparable naval construction program. China is one of the world’s biggest economic powers—its firm decisions impacting at a global level, and its wishes aimed at reaching superpower status in the military realm. China is a terrestrial power—which is true of from historical, present, and future perspectives—with all that this entails when it comes to making decisions about its armed forces. Until the advent of its Strategic Rocket Forces, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) and the People’s Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) have always been the greatest recipients of China’s financial, technical, and human resources. After a series of political changes and overcoming technological thresholds, this trend has changed to favor its naval forces, as this article will try to show in the following pages—with special emphasis on the country’s recent development of aircraft carriers.
  • US–Indonesia Airmen talks enhance interoperability

    Southeast Asian Hedging and Indo-Japanese Strategies for Regional Balance

    Managing China’s Rise 
    Dr. Bibek Chand, Dr. Zenel Garcia, and Mr. Kevin Modlin
    The disruptive forces resulting from China’s reemergence as a global power has challenged the existing order in the Indo-Pacific. As its political, economic, and military capabilities have developed, China has become increasingly assertive along its maritime periphery in the East and South China Seas. Furthermore, it has begun to project power into the Indian Ocean and the Western Pacific. This study demonstrates how these developments have resulted in hedging behavior from key Southeast Asian states, which has facilitated the emergence of an Indo-Japanese nexus in the region implicitly aimed at managing China’s rise. In other words, the behavior of small and middle powers in Southeast Asia has been crucial to the increased presence of extra-regional powers like India and Japan in the region. Additionally, this study aims to make a theoretical contribution by refining the concept of hedging as an optimal strategic behavior during periods where immediate existential threats are not present and incorporates components of soft balancing and engagement.
  • A MinAI ethical weapon

    Artificial Intelligence in Weapons

    The Moral Imperative for Minimally-Just Autonomy 
    Jai Galliott and Jason Scholz
    For military power to be lawful and morally just, future autonomous artificial intelligence (AI) systems must not commit humanitarian errors or acts of fratricide. To achieve this, a preventative form of minimally-just autonomy using artificial intelligence (MinAI) to avert attacks on protected symbols, sites, and signals of surrender is required. MinAI compares favorably to other maximally-just forms proposed to date. This article will examine how fears of speculative AI have distracted from making current weapons more compliant with international humanitarian law. Of particular focus is the Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, Article 36.1 Critics of our approach may argue that machine learning can be fooled, that combatants can commit perfidy to protect themselves, and so forth. This article confronts this issue, including recent research on the subversion of AI, and concludes that the moral imperative for MinAI in weapons remains undiminished.
  • Intelligence unit-- American officers of OSS Detachment 101 with Gen Daniel Isom Sultan at an advanced ranger base in Burma, June 1945.

    Air Intelligence at the Edge

    Lessons of Fourteenth Air Force in World War II  
    Lt Col Kyle Bressette, USAF
    At the beginning of World War II, the Army Air Corps found itself without practical, operational, or tactical level air intelligence capability. Each numbered Air Force was principally left to independently organize and develop methods to collect, analyze, and disseminate the intelligence necessary to conduct effective air operations. Among the different numbered air forces’s efforts to organize intelligence activities during World War II, one of the most important occurred in the China, Burma, India (CBI) theater under the Fourteenth Air Force. Led by Gen Claire Chennault, Fourteenth Air Force intelligence developed as one of the most successful, original, and resourceful intelligence organizations during World War II. With a staff of less than ten Air Corps officers for most of the war, the Fourteenth Air Force intelligence developed a decentralized, forward-focused network which generated a level of effectiveness well above the sum of its parts.
  • The Cloud Shadow high-altitude, long-endurance (HALE) unmanned aerial system unveiled at the Airshow China 2016 exhibition held in Zhuhai, China

    In China’s Shadow

    The Strategic Situation in the Western Pacific 
    Lt Col Thomas R. McCabe, USAF, retired
    East Asia and the Western Pacific (WestPac) are undergoing what amounts to a strategic revolution because of the transition of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) from the wheelbarrow age into an age where they are becoming a modernized superpower. China intends to change its security architecture—traditionally having been a land power, Beijing is now building a major Navy—and other major maritime powers should consider it a strategic warning. China also intends to establish itself as the dominant military power in the region. While Beijing’s current posture on totally excluding the United States is at least somewhat ambiguous, the Chinese would undoubtedly like our military presence there to cease and to reconstitute what amounts to a Chinese empire in the region. Meanwhile, the United States does not intend to leave, and as a rule, the rest of the region wants the United States to remain as a counterweight to China. Therein hangs a tale.
  • Book reviews
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