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Volume 03 Issue 1 - Spring 2020

  • ARTICLES
  • Journal of Indo-Pacific Affairs, winter cover
    JIPA cover - Winter 2019
    Journal of Indo-Pacific Affairs, winter cover
    Photo By: Dr. Ernest Rockwell
    VIRIN: 191121-F-YT915-003
     
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  • Air Marshal Mel Hupfeld, chief, Royal Australian Air Force; Gen Philippe Lavigne, chief of staff, French Air Force; Gen Yoshinari Marumo, chief, Japan Air Self-Defense Force; and Gen David L. Goldfein, chief of staff, US Air Force participate in a multi-domain operations panel during the 2019 Pacific Air Chiefs Symposium (PACS) at Joint Base Pearl Harbor–Hickam, Hawaii, 5 December 2019.
    191205-F-IF502-0113
    Air Marshal Mel Hupfeld, Royal Australian air force chief, Gen. Philippe Lavigne, French air force chief of staff, Gen. Yoshinari Marumo, Koku Jieitai (Japan Air Self Defense Force) chief of staff, and U.S. Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. David L. Goldfein, participate in a multi-domain operations panel during the 2019 Pacific Air Chiefs Symposium on Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, Hawaii, Dec. 5, 2019. The theme of PACS 19, “A Collaborative Approach to Regional Security,” focuses on building mutual understanding of varied regional perspectives through bilateral engagements and multinational panels and meetings. (U.S. Air Force photo by Staff Sgt. Mikaley Kline)
    Photo By: Staff Sgt. Mikaley Kline
    VIRIN: 191205-F-IF502-0113

    Demystifying the Indo-Pacific Theater

    General CQ Brown, Jr., USAF
    Within the Indo-Pacific reside a number of dynamic and complex regional challenges with worldwide implications, including nuclear powers, disputed territories, ballistic missiles, and highly adaptive adversaries. Countering each of these challenges requires a whole-of-government approach in which the other three instruments of power understand that the military maintains a necessary level of readiness to backstop their combined efforts. Revisiting, in detail, the four NDS challenges in the Indo-Pacific validates this construct.

  • The New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF) and its international partners conduct a military assault against a rebel stronghold on the Rainbow Ski-field near St. Arnaud in the Tasman district during Exercise Southern Katipo.
    20151117_AK_Q1032139_0110.JPG
    The New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF) and its international partners conduct a military assault against a rebel stronghold on the Rainbow Ski-field near St Arnaud in the Tasman district during SK15. Ex Southern Katipo 2015 (SK15) is a combined, joint, international training field exercise focussed on developing, exercising and evaluating the NZDF’s independent amphibious capabilities and ability to project forces anywhere in the South West Pacific. SK15 provides the opportunity to ensure continual preparedness to operate independently or with our coalition partners. The scenario involves a fictional South West Pacific country that has requested international intervention to restore law and order. The scenario allows for an emphasis on amphibious operations within the context of a larger stability and security operation.
    Photo By: MR Roderick J. Mackenzie
    VIRIN: 200219-F-YT915-0001

    New Zealand's Strategic Challenge

    Major Maia Baker, New Zealand Army
    In addressing the particular strategic challenges that China poses to New Zealand, this article explores what best practices can be drawn from other Western democratic states such as Australia, the United States, the United Kingdom, and Canada. Ultimately, the challenge posed by China illustrates why small states need grand strategy and why the lack of a national security strategy is a key deficiency in New Zealand government policy.

  • The Coast Guard Cutter Morgenthau and China coast guard vessel 2102 steam alongside each other during the transfer of the fishing vessel Yin Yuan in the North Pacific Ocean June 3, 2014.
    140603-G-ZZ999-002
    The Coast Guard Cutter Morgenthau and China coast guard vessel 2102 steam alongside each other during the transfer of the fishing vessel Yin Yuan in the North Pacific Ocean June 3, 2014. The Morgenthau crew was patrolling in support of Operation North Pacific Guard, the Coast Guard's component of a multi-lateral fisheries law enforcement operation designed to detect and deter illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing activity. (U.S. Coast Guard photo by Coast Guard Cutter Morgenthau)
    Photo By: Dr. Ernest Rockwell
    VIRIN: 140603-G-ZZ999-002

    The China Coast Guard

    Dr. Ulises Granados
    This article inquiries into the causes, logic, and likely regional consequences of Beijing's decision to shift control of the China Coast Guard (CCG) from a joint civilian-military paradigm to a stricly military one. Amid the upgrading of insular features in the Spratlys, the deployment of bombers in the Paracels, and overall modernization of China’s naval capabilities, the article also explores plausible developments in which the People's Armed Police-led CCG, irregular maritime militias, and People’s Liberation Army Navy forces might coordinate more effectively efforts to safeguard self-proclaimed rights in littoral and blue-water areas in dispute.

  • US Army 1LT Nicholas Sereday, executive officer for Charlie Company 2-113th Infantry assigned to Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa, gives a concept of operations brief to Japanese and US military forces during a bilateral field training exercise in Djibouti, Africa, 2 October 2019.
    Japanese-led field training exercise
    U.S. Army1st Lt. Nicholas Sereday, executive officer for Charlie Company2-113th Infantry assigned to Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa(CJTF-HOA), gives a concept of operations (CONOP) brief to Japanese and U.S.military forces during a bilateral field training exercise (FTX) in Djibouti,Africa, Oct. 2, 2019. The FTX was part of a Japanese-led noncombatantevacuation operation (NEO) exercise, which also included African coalitionpartners. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Gabrielle Spalding)
    Photo By: Senior Airman Gabrielle Spalding
    VIRIN: 191002-F-PS661-1263

    Nontraditional Security Dilemmas on the Belt and Road

    Dr. R. James Ferguson
    This article explores how, if carefully managed, the Belt and Road Initiative represents an invitation for security cooperation. However, it also risks new forms of military competition and increasing securitization of developmental and environmental issues, a well-known problem for nontraditional security as a conceptual and operational category.

  • Singapore’s Senior Minister of State for Defence Heng Chee How receives a brief on the capabilities of the command post at Exercise Forging Sabre 2019, hosted at Mountain Home AFB, Idaho.
    Exercise Forging Sabre
    Singapore’s Senior Minister of State for Defence Heng Chee How receives a brief on the capabilities of the command post at Exercise Forging Sabre 2019, hosted at Mountain Home AFB, Idaho. Conducted 30 September to 10 October 2019, the exercise involved around 600 personnel from the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF), including the Singapore Army’s Commandos, and assets from the Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF) such as the F-15SG and F-16C/D multirole fighter aircraft, AH-64D Apache helicopters, Heron 1 unmanned aerial vehicles, and the inaugural participation of the A330 MRTT multirole tanker transport in an overseas exercise. (Photo courtesy of Singapore Ministry of Defence)
    Photo By: Dr. Ernest Rockwell
    VIRIN: 200219-F-YT915-0002

    Assessing Republic of Singapore Air Force's Defensive Air Capabilities

    Anant Mishra
    This article highlights the evolution of airpower due to rampant changes in the international security environment and advances in technology to make a case for further investment in the Republic of Singapore Air Force and its airpower policy to defend Singapore. The article further highlights the progressive expansion of airpower that strengthened Singapore for countless years, while portraying the challenges faced by Singapore—particularly its territorial vulnerabilities and threats to its strategic objectives.

  • BOOK REVIEWS
  • China's Maritime Gray Zone Operations (book cover)
    China's Maritime Gray Zone Operations (book cover)
    China's Maritime Gray Zone Operations (book cover)
    Photo By: Dr. Ernest Rockwell
    VIRIN: 200219-F-YT915-0003

    China's Maritime Gray Zone Operations

    edited by Andrew S. Erickson. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2019.
    Reviewed by Dr. John W. Tai

    China’s increasingly assertive—many would say aggressive—actions in the South China and East China Seas have captured the attention of the media and policy and academic communities. The most disconcerting aspect of those activities is that they have principally involved Chinese paranaval forces, with which the United States and its allies in the region have had little success confronting. This is an understudied topic and an urgent issue that must be addressed. Andrew S. Erickson and Ryan D. Martinson are faculty members of the China Maritime Studies Institute at the Naval War College and are experts on the Chinese navy and China’s maritime activities. They are thus uniquely qualified and well-positioned to organize a conference of experts to discuss issues related to this topic. China’s Maritime Gray Zone Operations is an outcome of such a conference.
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