ACSC Department of Warfighting

About the Department:

The Department of Joint Warfighting consists of Air Force, Army, Navy, Marine Corps and civilian faculty who act as instructors and academic advisors for approximately five hundred resident Air Command and Staff College students from across the US Armed Forces, joint agency partners, and allied militaries across the world.  The department delivers the Joint Warfighting course, which comprises approximately one-quarter of the core resident curriculum.  Joint Warfighting is an operational level course designed to demonstrate how the U.S. joint force organizes, deploys, employs, sustains, and redeploys military capabilities across the range of military operations in support of national interests.  This capstone course synthesizes academic lecture and seminar with wargaming exercises to challenge students to analyze and comprehend how the joint force fights in and through multiple domains to solve national security problems.  The intent of Joint Warfighting is to create military professionals that are able to understand and appropriately apply military theory and doctrine to develop effective strategies against volatile, uncertain, complex and ambiguous threats.

Department Leadership

                                       Department Chair:

Dr Robert (Bob) Mahoney is the Chair, Department of Joint Warfighting, at Air Command and Staff College. He has a Ph.D. in History from the George Washington University, a M.S. in National Resource Strategy from the Eisenhower School, National Defense University, a M.S. in Management from Webster University, and a B.S. in Engineering Sciences from the United States Air Force Academy. Prior to arriving at ACSC, Dr. Mahoney was the Dean of the Marine Corps War College and an Assistant Professor at the Eisenhower School at NDU. His book, The Mayaguez Incident, was published by Texas Tech Press. He retired from the US Air Force as a Colonel with over 27 years of service, having commanded a KC-135 flying squadron, served on staffs with Air Mobility Command and the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and is a command pilot with over 3500 hours in the T-37, T-38 and KC-135. 


Research Interest/Expertise: the US Constitution, Joint Warfighting, Joint Planning, Operational Design, Leadership, US Air Force History, the Vietnam War Era, World War II, the Civil War, and the Revolutionary War. 

                                       Deputy Chair:

Col Phil Warlick is the Deputy Chair in the Department of Joint Warfighting at Air University’s Air Command and Staff College.  He also serves as an Instructor and Academic Advisor, and is an adjunct Instructor for the Air University Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) Research Task Force – Vigilant Horizons with Air War College and the LeMay Center.  Lt Col Warlick commissioned in 1997 through the US Air Force Academy where he was a distinguished graduate. He has held a variety of positions in intelligence operations, targeting, staff, and operations support. Assignments included: 36th Intelligence Squadron, Langley AFB; 2nd Operations Support Squadron, Barksdale AFB; US Pacific Command Joint Intelligence Operations Center, Pearl Harbor, HI, 301st Fighter Wing, Joint Reserve Base Fort Worth, TX; the Joint Staff, Directorate of Intelligence, and the Office of the Undersecretary of Defense for Intelligence. Lt Col Warlick is a recent graduate of Air War College where he earned academic distinction. His professional studies paper at AWC focused on ISR support to joint targeting in the anti-access/area denial environment.

Research Interest/Expertise: ISR, Targeting, Operational Assessment, A2/AD, Critical Thinking, and Leadership.

                                     Course Director:

Brent Lawniczak is an Instructor in the Joint Warfighting Department at Air University’s Air Command and Staff College, and the Course Director for Joint Warfighting. A retired Marine aviator, he has served in multiple theaters in various capacities. He was qualified as a Command Pilot, Forward Air Controller (Airborne), Forward Air Controller/Joint Terminal Attack Controller, and Weapons and Tactics Instructor.

Research Interest/Expertise: Joint planning, operational design, joint fires, cross-domain operations, amphibious operations, aviation operations, policy formulation.

                                     Director of Instruction:

Lt Col Joel R. Bius is the Director of Instruction in the Department of Joint Warfighting and Assistant Professor of National Security Studies at Air University’s Air Command and Staff College. Lt Col Bius received his Ph.D. in US History from the University of Southern Mississippi in May 2015. He also has an M.A. in Military Studies with emphasis in the American Civil War and a Master of Military Operational Art and Science from ACSC. He was commissioned through ROTC at Valdosta State University in Valdosta, Georgia. His military operational experience includes 12 years’ experience in strategic deterrence as an ICBM Combat Crew Commander, instructor, and NAF Command Evaluator, as well as operational counterinsurgency experience as a regional Deputy J5 while serving with the US Army in Kandahar, Afghanistan. In addition to teaching the joint warfighting core courses, Lt Col Bius also teaches electives on the history of American Military Culture and the history of vice in the military. Lt Col Bius also teaches electives on the history of American military culture and the history of vice in the military.

Research Interest/Expertise: History of the American cigarette ration, the Environmental History of WWII, American Military Culture, selected topics in War and Society, and Multi-Domain Operations.        

                                   Director of Staff:

Maj Ezra B. Caplan: is an Air University Fellow in the Department of Joint Warfighting at Air Command and Staff College on Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama. He serves as an Instructor for three academic courses, including a joint Research Task Force with Air War College and the LeMay Center, and is also an Academic Advisor and the department’s Director of Staff. Maj Caplan is an Air Force intelligence officer with experience in airborne Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance operations, Signals Intelligence, Cyber operations, and Special Technical Operations. He has operated and deployed in the US Africa Command, US Central Command, and US European Command theaters. Prior to his arrival at ACSC, he was the Director of Operations for the 450th Intelligence Squadron at Ramstein Air Base, Germany. He was commissioned in 2004 after receiving his B.S. in Mechanical Engineering from Boston University, and he subsequently earned a M.S. in Aerospace Engineering from the Georgia Institute of Technology in 2010.  Maj Caplan is a Distinguished Graduate from ACSC where he earned a Master of Military Operational Art and Science in 2017.


Research Interest/Expertise: Operational Command-and-Control and Multi-Domain Operations for ISR.


Department Faculty:


Dr. James D. Campbell  is an Assistant Professor of Military and Security Studies in the Department of Joint Warfighting at Air University’s Air Command and Staff College. A retired US Army Brigadier General, Dr. Campbell served as an Infantryman and Strategic Plans and Policy Officer, with assignments at all levels of command and staff, in both the Regular Army and the National Guard. Most recently he served as the Deputy Chief, Operations Plans Division at US Central Command, and prior to his retirement served as the 39th Adjutant General of Maine and Commissioner of the Maine Department of Defense, Veterans and Emergency Management. While in this last position, he was appointed as a member of the Army Reserve Forces Policy Committee, a body of General Officers from all three Army components which advises the Secretary of the Army. Dr. Campbell holds a M.A. in European History and a Ph.D. in British History. He is a graduate of the US Army War College and was an International Security Studies Fellow at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University. Prior to his arrival at ACSC, he worked as an Adjunct Professor of History at the University of Maine and as a History Instructor at the US Air Force Academy. Dr. Campbell has written on subjects ranging from Homeland Defense, to Irregular Warfare and British Military History.

Research Interest/Expertise: 19th/20th Century Military History, Imperialism, Irregular Warfare/Special Operations, South Asian Militaries, History of Sport


Lt Col Kelly M. Colacicco  is an Instructor in the Department of Joint Warfighting at Air University’s Air Command and Staff College. Lt Col Colacicco has over eighteen years of military US Air Force intelligence experience in both Joint and Coalition assignments at the tactical, operational and strategic levels. Experience includes intelligence support to overseas Fighter Squadron operations, Information Operations/Targeting, signals intelligence reporting, in-depth understanding of the Air Operations Centers, fielding of new Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) systems into the US Central Command area of responsibility, support to fielded Special Operations Forces, and time in the National Capitol Region supporting the Secretary of Defense’s ISR Task Force, the Joint Staff Current Operations, and the Air Staff ISR Collection and Capabilities Division. She has operated and deployed throughout the Pacific Command, European Command and Central Command theaters. She has up-to-date and in-depth knowledge of Air Force ISR platforms, architecture, and the tasking, collection, processing, exploitation and dissemination of data along with how assets field in support of Combatant Commands via the Global Force Management Process.    

Research Interest/Expertise: Joint Operations, Joint Doctrine, multi-domain operations



Maj Heather G. Demis is an Air University Fellow, Instructor, and Academic Advisor in the Department of Joint Warfighting at the Air Command and Staff College, Maxwell AFB, Alabama. She joined the ACSC staff in June 2017. Her work includes designing lesson and teaching plans, and instructing Joint Warfighting and Leadership. Her primary career field is a Pilot in the MC-130P Combat Shadow with Air Force Special Operation Command. Before her current assignment, Major Demis was the Chief of Inspection Planning, Inspector General, Air Force Special Operation Command, Hurlburt Field, Florida. Maj Demis has served five deployments to Afghanistan and Iraq, the latest as the Aircraft Commander of MC-130P, Afghanistan in October 2012. She was commissioned in 2003 through AFROTC after earning a Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering from University of Missouri-Rolla. In 2011, she earned a Master of Science in Aerospace Engineering from the University of Florida. Maj Demis earned a Master of Military Operational Art and Science from ACSC in 2017.

Research Interest/Expertise: Airborne Special Operations, Joint Operations, Joint Planning, and Multi-Domain Operations.



Lt Col William “Russ” Donaldson is an Instructor of joint warfare studies at Air University’s Air Command and Staff College in the Department of Joint Warfighting. In this capacity, he is responsible for preparing United States and international field grade officers and inter-agency civilians to develop, employ and command air, space and cyberspace forces. In addition, Lt Col Donaldson develops curriculum, presents material, leads seminar discussions and evaluates student achievement of course objectives, written and oral communication and critical thinking skills. He also advises graduate-level research on critical command issues and emerging air, space and cyberspace power topics. Lt Col Donaldson has held various positions at the squadron, group and wing level. Most recently he served as the 14th Flying Training Wing Inspector General where he acted as the primary advisor to the wing commander for sensitive and complex complaint data potentially affecting readiness of 3,000 base personnel. He also led and executed the commander’s inspection program to assess wing readiness and compliance.

Research Interest/Expertise Ballistic Missile Defense Systems, Trajectory Analysis and Statistical Applications.


LTC Mike Fife is an Instructor/Academic Advisor in the Department of Joint Warfighting at Air University's Air Command and Staff College. LTC Fife has served in a wide variety of command and staff positions throughout his 22 year career. His career highlights include the following: LTC Fife was assigned to 1st Brigade Combat Team, 3D Infantry Division Fort Stewart, Georgia. Assignments while assigned to the Raider Brigade included S3 for 3D Brigade Support Battalion, Support Operations Officer for 3D Brigade Support Battalion, and Logistics Readiness Officer in the Division G4 section. During his five years at 3D Infantry Division LTC Fife deployed twice for a total of 27 months in support of OIF III and OIF V. In April 2008, upon redeployment from OIF V, LTC Fife attended the Air Command and Staff College (ACSC) at Maxwell Air Force Base in Montgomery, Alabama. After graduating ACSC, LTC Fife remained on as an Instructor in the Department of Joint Warfighting until June 2011. In July 2011, LTC Fife assumed command of the Baltimore Recruiting Battalion headquartered at Fort George G. Meade Maryland. He served two years as the battalion commander and in July 2013 assumed the duties as the 1st Recruiting Brigade Deputy Commander.

Research Interest/Expertise:  Joint Operations, Joint Doctrine, and Multi-Domain Operations.

Lt Col Brant Fryar is an Instructor of Joint Warfare at Air University’s Air Command and Staff College. He is a former Reserve Assistance Officer (RAO) providing oversight to numerous Civil Air Patrol (CAP) units across TX and LA. Lt Col Fryar has also served as test manager and program manager in the acquisition career field at Brooks AFB, Kelly AFB, Los Angeles AFB, and Hanscom AFB.  Additionally, Lt Col Fryar was a Seminar Instructor at Academic Instructor School (AIS), Flight Commander at Squadron Officer School (AIS), and he served as Commandant of Cadets during an Air Force Reserve Officer’s Training Corps (AFROTC) assignment. Lt Col Fryar commissioned in 1995 through AFROTC at Texas Tech University. He has served 22 years on both active duty and in the Air Force Reserve.

Research Interest/Expertise:  Adult Learning Theory, Education & Leadership Theory, and the Reserve Force Component.


Dr. Jon Hendrickson is an Assistant Professor of Security Studies in the Department of Joint Warfighting at Air University’s Air Command and Staff College. After being awarded a Tyng Scholarship to Williams College, he earned his Ph.D. in military history from The Ohio State University, where he was awarded a Mershon Center Fellowship to conduct research in Vienna, Rome, Paris and London. This research lead to the publication of Crisis in the Mediterranean, a book on the shifting alliances and naval races in the Mediterranean before World War I. After graduating from Ohio State, he was awarded the Class of 1957 Post-Doctoral Fellowship in Naval History at the US Naval Academy, and taught at Coastal Carolina University. He has published and presented several papers on naval and military history, ancient history, and diplomatic history.

Research Interest/Expertise: Naval History, particularly 1850-1950, World War I, and the Origins of the First World War.



Lt Col Cody Hoagland is an Instructor and Academic Advisor in the Department of Joint Warfighting at the Air Command and Staff College, Air University, Maxwell AFB, Alabama. He joined the ACSC staff in June 2017. His work includes designing lesson plans and teaching plans, and instructing the Leadership and Joint Warfighting courseware. His primary career field is Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Combat Systems Officer/Electronic Warfare Officer. Before his current assignment, Lt Col Hoagland was the Commander, 16th Airborne Command and Control Squadron, Robins AFB, Georgia. Lt Col Hoagland has flown Combat, Combat Support and Sensitive Reconnaissance Operations missions in all six Combatant Commands aboard the E-8C JSTARS and RC-135V/W Rivet Joint. He was commissioned in 1999 through the Officer Training School at Maxwell AFB, Alabama. In 1997, he earned his bachelor’s degree from California State University in Fullerton, California. In 2011, he earned his Master’s degree in Airpower Art and Science from the American Military University, Virginia. In 2013, he attended U.S. Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

Research Interest/Expertise: Air Force Culture, Operational Design and Cross-Domain Operations.


Dr. Robert M. Kerr is an Associate Professor in the Department of Joint Warfighting at the Air Command and Staff College. He also previously served as Course Director for “International Security 2: The Use of Armed Force”. He holds a Ph.D. in Political Geography from the University of Oregon, and an M.A. in Geosciences from the University of South Carolina. His B.A. is in History with an emphasis on the Islamic World from Grand Valley State University. In addition to teaching at ACSC, Dr. Kerr has worked at the Air Force Culture and Language Center, and taught courses at the US Air Force Special Operations School, the Senior NCO Academy, and the Air Advisor Academy. In 2008-2009 he spent 15 months in NE Baghdad with the 3rd Brigade 4th Infantry Division and 1st Brigade 1st Cavalry Division as an embedded political/cultural advisor.

Research Interest/Expertise: Islamic Culture and History, Ethno-Territoriality, Geopolitics, and Grand Strategy.

 Maj Christopher G. Marquis is an Instructor in the Department of Joint Warfighting at the Air Command and Staff College, Air University, Maxwell AFB, Alabama. He joined the ACSC staff in June 2015. His work at DEW includes designing lesson plans and teaching plans, and instructing the War Theory and Joint Warfighting courses. He also instructs the ACSC elective “Understanding the U.S. Constitution” with Dr. Robert Mahoney. His primary career field is contracting, and he is a worldwide deployable contingency contracting officer. Before his current assignment, Major Marquis was the Chief, Operations Branch, Air Force Installation Contracting Agency (AFICA), Operating Location Air Combat Command (OL-ACC), Langley AFB, Virginia. Major Marquis has served five deployments to Afghanistan and Iraq, the latest as the Chief of the Regional Contracting Office in Sharana, Afghanistan in October 2012. He was commissioned in 2001 through the Officer Training School at Maxwell AFB, Alabama. In 2000, he earned his bachelor’s degree from Cornell University in Ithaca, NY. In 2006, he earned his M.B.A. from the University of Massachusetts, Lowell.   

 Research Interest/Expertise: U.S. History and Early Aviation History.


Lt Col John K. Martin is an Instructor in the Department of Joint Warfighting at Air University’s Air Command and Staff College. Lt Col Martin recently served as the MacDill Air Force Base Chief of Safety where he was responsible for the base safety program for 13,000 personnel. He was the Chief of Levant Strategic Plans and Executive Officer to the Director, Strategy, Plans, and Policy, United States Central Command. In this capacity, he was responsible for developing long-range strategic planning for Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, Egypt, Turkey, Israel, and Cyprus. Additionally, he organized, planned, and coordinated executive matters and support for the two-star Director and seven one-star Deputies. Lt Col Martin has served in a variety of flying assignments, qualifying as an instructor pilot in the KC-135R and KC-10A. Lt Col Martin is a graduate of the School of Advanced Air and Space Studies and Air Mobility Command’s PHOENIX REACH and PHOENIX HAWK leadership development programs. His previous positions include assistant operations officer in Air Mobility Command’s largest operations support squadron, flight commander in two major weapon systems, headquarters aircrew analysis officer, and Tanker Airlift Control Center global operations director. Lt Col Martin is a command pilot with more than 2,500 flying hours and has served multiple combat deployments.

Research Interest/Expertise:Middle East History and Policy, Decisive Battle, Strategy Development, and Theater Strategic Campaign Planning.


Dr. John L. Minney is an Assistant Professor of Military and Security Studies in the Department of Joint Warfighting at Air University’s Air Command and Staff College. A retired US Air Force Lieutenant Colonel, Dr. Minney is a Master Navigator, and has flown the F-111, F-15E, KC-135, and C-130 aircraft.  He holds a Ph.D. in History from the University of Alabama. He is a graduate of both Air Command and Staff College and Air War College. Prior to his arrival at ACSC, he was as an Assistant Professor of History at Concordia College in Alabama, and has taught as an Adjunct Professor of History at the University of Alabama, Auburn University Montgomery, and Troy University. 

Research Interest/Expertise: Military History, Air Power History, the relationship between USAF Doctrine and Technology, and Grand Strategy.


CDR James C. Montgomery was commissioned in 1997 at the United States Naval Academy where he earned his Bachelor of Science Degree in Mechanical Engineering and entered the Naval Flight Officer Program.  CDR Montgomery’s operational tours include Fighter Squadron THIRTY TWO (VF-32) where he completed deployments to the EUCOM and CENTCOM areas of responsibilities, Strike Fighter Squadron TWO ONE ONE (VFA-211) as a Department Head, and the USS NIMITZ (CVN 68) as the Strike Operations Officer.  His non-operational tours include Strike Fighter Squadron ONE TWO TWO (VFA-122), NAS Lemoore, CA as a flight instructor for the FA-18 Super Hornet, and NSA Bahrain as the Flag Lieutenant to 5th Fleet.  CDR Montgomery has also been stationed at Maxwell AFB, AL as a student at Air Command and Staff College where he received a Masters Degree, and as a student at the Naval Postgraduate School where he earned a Master of Science Degree in Operations Research.          

Research Interest/Expertise: Joint Operations, Joint Doctrine, multi-domain operations

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Lt Col Scott B. Ryan is an Instructor in the Department of Joint Warfighting at the Air Command and Staff College, Maxwell AFB, Alabama. He holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Occupational Education, a Master of Science in Adult Education, and a Master of Military Operational Art and Science from the Air Command and Staff College. Lt Col Ryan is a Nuclear and Missile Operations officer and combat crew member. Before his current assignment, he was Deputy Division Chief for Strategic Plans and Programs, HQ USAFE-AFAFRICA, Ramstein AB, Germany.  Lt Col Ryan enlisted in the Air Force in 1987 and received his commission through Officer Training School in 2000.  He has taught technical training, Professional Military Education (PME) at the USAF’s Squadron Officer School, and helped develop and implement PME for the Iraqi Air Force.

Research Interest/Expertise: Joint Planning and Professional Military Education.


Christopher M. Stamper is an instructor of Joint Warfighting at the United States Air Force’s Air Command and Staff College.  He has a Bachelor’s of Science Degree in Oceanography and a Master of Arts in National Security and Strategic Studies.  He is currently a doctoral student concentrating his studies on Public Policy and Public Administration of Peacekeeping Operations, specifically in East African Affairs.  He has taught at the US Naval Academy and the Air War College.

Research Interest/Expertise: Joint Planning, African Professional Military Education and Contemporary African Military Operations.

Lieutenant Colonel Michael Teaster is an instructor in the Joint Warfighting Department at Air University’s Air Command and Staff College.  LTC Teaster has served in a wide variety positions from Platoon Leader to the Joint Staff throughout his 20 year career. His assignments included duty with the 82d Airborne Division, 3rd Infantry Division, JSTARS, Joint Staff, and the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA). He holds a Master's Degree in Education from Liberty University.

Research Interest/Expertise: Joint Operations, Joint Doctrine, multi-domain operations  


Maj Timothy L. Tormey was commissioned in the Marines in 1999 at the United States Naval Academy where he earned his Bachelor of Science Degree in Mechanical Engineering.  He was desgignated a Naval Aviator in 2001 and has completed four deployments to Iraq as part of a Marine Air Ground Task Force;  two as a CH-46E Helicopter pilot and then two additional deployments as an MV-22 pilot.  His most recent assignment was as the Aircraft Maintenance Officer for a composite Aviation Combat Element (29 aircraft) for the 11th Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU).  He earned a MA in Military Studies from the Marine Corps Command and Staff College in 2011.  He is beginning his third year on faculty at ACSC and is currently the deputy course director for the Joint Warfighting course.                        

Research Interest/Expertise: Joint Operations, Joint Doctrine, multi-domain operations


LTC Jason Tussey is an instructor in the Department of Warfighting at the Air Command and Staff College, Air University, Maxwell AFB, Alabama.  He joined the ACSC staff in September 2016.  His work at ACSC includes designing lesson and teaching plans and instructing in both the Leadership and Joint Warfighting Departments.  As a career Army Infantry officer, LTC Tussey as served at the platoon through brigade level with interagency experience through an assignment with FEMA.  Prior to assignment to ACSC, LTC Tussey commanded 1st Battalion, 9th Cavalry Regiment, 2nd Armored Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division, Fort Hood, TX.  He has combat experience in both Iraq and Afghanistan and peacekeeping experience in

Haiti.  In 1996, he earned his bachelor's degree in Business Management through the University of Kentucky where he earned his commission through ROTC.  In 2011, LTC Tussey earned  his master's degree in National Policy and Strategic Studies from the Naval War College, Newport, RI.


Research Interest/Expertise: Joint Operations, Joint Doctrine, multi-domain operations


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 Dr. Christopher Weimar is an Assistant Professor of National Security Studies in the Joint Warfighting Department at Air University’s Air Command and Staff College (ACSC).  He holds an M.Phil. and Ph.D. in Political Science from the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, a M.A. in International Relations from Boston University, and a B.A. in Mathematics and Computer Science from Fordham University.  Prior to his arrival at ACSC, Dr. Weimar has taught in various public college and university political science programs.  A retired US Air Force Colonel, Dr. Weimar served in both Active and Reserve status in Communications-Information Systems Management, Cyberspace Operations, and Logistics Readiness.  He has served from at all levels from flight to Combatant Command, and has deployed to the African theater, Kuwait, and Iraq.  Most recently, he served as the Deputy Director of Logistics and Engineering at North American Aerospace Defense and U.S. Northern Command.  He is a graduate of both ACSC and AWC by correspondence and completed the Joint and Combined Warfighting School-Hybrid Program.

Research Interest/Expertise: Outsourcing in Defense and National Security, Strategy, International Security, Alliances, NATO, Cyber Security, Technology and Modern Warfare, Logistics, Militaries in Developing Countries, Non-State Actors and Conflict, Security/Defense Transformation, and Leadership.


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"On Thursday, the parliament of the semi-autonomous and largely pro-Moscow region of Crimea voted to break away from Ukraine and join Russia, and set a date for a referendum on the subject for March 16."
"In less than four years, Beijing has amassed a controlling interest in Israel’s agrochemical industry with a $2.4 billion investment by China National Chemical Corp., and access to Israeli nanotechnology through a joint research center to be operated by Tsinghua and Tel Aviv universities." "With state financing, surging investment and the support of the Israeli government, Chinese public institutions and private investors are acquiring control of key industries and gaining unprecedented access to Israeli technology, innovation and know-how."
"Five years ago, Syria was the world's second-largest refugee-hosting country," Guterres said. "Syrians are now about to replace Afghans as the biggest refugee population worldwide." That's saying something, since Afghanistan has been in conflict for more than four decades. Guterres says if current trends continue, there could be 4 million Syrian refugees by the end of this year. "Neighboring countries have provided them safety since the beginning, at an enormous cost to themselves," he said. "Few refugee influxes have ever generated this profound an impact on their host countries, with such dramatic demographic, economic and social consequences."
"Ali al-Mousawi, the media adviser to Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, in exclusive statements to Al-Monitor. “Our war on terrorism will fail if we do not get international support, through clear stances, against states supporting terrorism in the region. Terrorism hotbeds in the world should be dried up. This hasn’t happened so far,” he noted. "Mousawi stated that Iraq had not held dialogues with the Syrian government to put in place a common plan to fight al-Qaeda and ISIS, although the battlefield will become, at some point, a common one against the same enemy. He claimed that the Syrian government does not have control of the regions on the border with Iraq, and thus such talks would be ineffective."
"Fighters linked to Al Qaeda and their allies seized the city of Falluja and parts of the Anbar provincial capital, Ramadi, in late December after the authorities dismantled a protest camp. Like the camp in the northern Iraqi town of Hawija whose dismantlement in April set off violent clashes and the current upsurge in killing, the Anbar camp was established by Sunnis angry at what they consider to be second-class treatment at the hands of the Shiite-led government."
"Kadyrov expressed concern that "nationalists of all descriptions" are systematically stripping ethnic Chechen citizens of Ukraine of their homes and businesses. He warned that "this is impermissible.... We shall not allow Chechens to be offended, wherever they happen to live."
"The Group of Seven (G7) leading industrialized countries say they are suspending participation in the planning for an international summit in Russia. The White House issued a joint statement on March 2 on behalf of the G7 leaders, the president of the European Council, and the president of the European Commission. In the statement, the leaders condemned Russia’s "clear violation of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine," adding that Moscow's actions violate the "principles and values" on which the G7 and G8 operate." "The G7 includes Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, and the United States. The countries also participate in the G8, which includes Russia. The country's Black Sea port of Sochi is scheduled to host the G8 summit in June."
"The reported ultimatum came as world attention focused on the crisis in Crimea and acting Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseny Yatsenyuk called the Russian troop movements and call to arms of Crimea’s predominantly ethnic Russian population “a declaration of war.”
"The deal was signed by the three main opposition leaders, including former boxing star Vitali Klitschko. However, it was almost immediately rejected by the extremist Right Sector party, which has been blamed for much of the civilian violence since protests began in November." "We are inclined to consider Yanukovich’s statement as another whitewash," Right Sector said in a statement. "National revolution continues." "Holding early presidential elections had been a key demand of the opposition." "In these tragic days when Ukraine suffered such grave losses, when people on both sides of barricades have died, I consider it my obligation to the memory of the deceased to state that there is nothing more important then a human life," [Ukranian President] Yanukovych added.
"The strategy follows the release of a memorandum issued in 2010 by President Obama titled “Unleashing the Wireless Broadband Revolution,” which requires 500 MHz of spectrum be made available for commercial use by 2020 and one issued in June 2013 titled “Expanding America's Leadership in Wireless Innovation” which directed federal agencies and offices to accelerate efforts to allow and encourage shared access to spectrum allocated for federal use. " "The president mandated that federal agencies free up a significant portion of wireless spectrum so that it can be used by individuals and businesses to spur domestic economic growth and help keep the U.S. on top of the technological hierarchy." For further information about the DoD EMS Strategy, please visit http://www.defense.gov/news/dodspectrumstrategy.pdf
"Even if imperfect, the guidelines do serve a useful purpose. Their ultimate purpose was to ensure that fundamental questions about purpose, risk and costs were addressed up front. While their formulation was obviously flawed given the world we now know we live in, the intent behind their development was neither mendacious nor without merit. As Operation Iraqi Freedom shows, it is still possible for experienced leaders to come to very wrong policy decisions regarding the employment of force, which is ultimately a blunt tool. Rosy assumptions, unasked questions and unexplored options have marked the path to some 5,300 graves over the past decade." "The decision to go to war is a very serious exercise. The virtue of some set of questions to assist policymakers in this most supreme judgment retains great value." "Future crises and war plan debates should be more deliberate and discriminate. Rather than denounce the “use of force” considerations that should have constrained action without contemplation, I agree with Reading University’s Patrick Porter, who argues that we should celebrate such doctrines. Better yet, we should update them in light of what we think we have learned from a long war." "With hindsight, the last two wars suggest that General Powell was not wrong in wanting a more deliberate approach to the Supreme Judgment. I can give you over 5,300 reasons why Powell’s series of questions have enduring value in some form. It’s fashionable to criticize his doctrine now, including by highly respected historians like Hew Strachan. But the last decade, at a cost of 5,300 killed and nearly 40,000 seriously wounded, requires me to rethink my book from a less academic perspective. Today’s warriors can take some solace in the fact that America’s performance in Iraq and Afghanistan was honorably conducted. They can also draw a measure of satisfaction that clear national interests were gained, and that both countries were given the opportunity to unshackle themselves from their dark histories. But they can also question the underlying wisdom of the nation’s policy and strategies. Certainly the cause was again noble, even if the calling was flawed or poorly conceived. Hopefully our policy and strategy community will learn something from this."
"President Barack Obama condemned the scenes and warned President Viktor Yanukovych to withdraw his forces from downtown Kiev immediately." "We are outraged by the images of Ukrainian security forces firing automatic weapons on their own people," Obama said in a statement. "We urge the Ukrainian military not to get involved in a conflict that can and should be resolved by political means." "The European Union's foreign ministers decided to impose sanctions against officials in Ukraine on Thursday, which included a travel ban to the 28-nation bloc and freezing of Ukrainian officials' assets in EU countries. The list of officials targeted had not yet been established." "Later Thursday, President Obama and German Chancellor Angela Merkel spoke by phone about the Ukraine situation, the White House said. The two leaders agreed it was critical that the U.S., Germany, and the European Union stay in close communication in the days ahead to help the Ukrainian people."
"China’s announcement last November that it would establish an “air defense identification zone” (ADIZ) in the East China Sea was another test of the U.S.-Japan alliance and, more broadly, America’s appetite for sustaining its commitments to the region. Since 2010, Beijing has consistently resorted to forms of coercion to patiently challenge the United States and its allies. I believe strongly that the United States should neither recognize nor accept China’s unilateral declaration of an ADIZ and we should continue to conduct our military exercises and operations in the region so as to maintain the status quo." "Of the many instances of growing Chinese assertiveness, recent incidents surrounding Japan’s southwestern islands are perhaps the most serious. Beijing has pursued its claims to Japan’s Senkaku Islands, with official newspapers even going so far as to assert that the entire Okinawa island chain is Chinese territory. More ominously, Chinese incursions into Japanese airspace and territorial waters have grown exponentially in recent years, raising the prospect of potential miscalculations. As the Senkakus are under Japan’s administrative control, unilateral attempts to change the status quo fall under the terms of Article 5 of the U.S.-Japan Mutual Security Treaty."
"The United States has about 100 military advisers helping the African Union force of about 3,000 troops from Uganda, South Sudan and Congo to hunt down the LRA."
"Tunisia has been winning high praise from American and other Western officials for its progress in assembling a democratic system. At the end of last month, the country adopted a constitution that provides for a separation of power, protects minorities and assures women a place in government." "But Tunisia’s pro-Western elements are locked in a political struggle with conservatives and Islamists. The country has seen killings and attacks on government buildings." "The request for security help is likely to be weighed carefully by Washington, which wants to promote democracy in the country but doesn’t want to be perceived as arming one side in a political contest."
“[We] concluded that the PLA has been given the new task to be able to conduct a short sharp war to destroy Japanese forces in the East China Sea following with what can only be expected a seizure of the Senkakus or even a southern Ryukyu [islands] — as some of their academics say.”
"They're good warriors," said Marine Maj. Gen. Lee Miller , who was wrapping up his tour as commander of Regional Command Southwest. "Sustaining themselves they need a lot of work….and we need to be there to help them do that." "They proved their battlefield prowess last September as the fighting season was drawing to a close." "Still, commanders warn that Afghan security forces lack the critical but unglamorous capabilities — such as supply, logistics and finance — that are needed to sustain a large army in the field." "Afghans lack that mobility. "They have been unable to deny freedom of movement to the insurgency in rural areas," Army Lt. Gen. Michael Flynn, director of the Defense Intelligence Agency, testified to Congress Tuesday." "Another challenge facing Afghan security forces: The Taliban and other insurgent groups in Afghanistan have sanctuary in parts of Pakistan, putting them outside the reach of Afghan security forces." "As long as that state support continues, the Afghan security forces are going to have their hands full regardless of how good they are," said Seth Jones, an analyst at the Rand Corp. "Despite the battlefield successes, U.S. officers say Afghan forces will need logistical support for years to come. Without such help, the achievements over the past decade of war risk unraveling."
"He noted that just a few years ago, there was only one battalion of Marines in Helmand province, and just a small British base. The Marine Corps began building its presence in southwest part of Afghanistan in 2008, eventually reaching a peak with about 21,000 Marines in Helmand in 2010. Now, there are some 4,500 Marines in the province."