ASOR: Air & Space Operations Review

Air & Space Operations Review

Chief of Staff, US Air Force
Gen Charles Q. Brown Jr., USAF

Chief of Space Operations, US Space Force
Gen John W. Raymond, USSF

Commander, Air Education and Training Command
Lt Gen Brian S. Robinson 

Commander and President, Air University

Lt Gen Andrea D. Tullos 

Air University, Academic Services 
Dr. Mehmed Ali

Director, Air University Press
Dr. Paul Hoffman 

Editor in Chief 
Dr. Laura Thurston Goodroe 

Professional Staff
Cheryl Ferrell and Nedra Looney, Print Specialists
Gail White, Web Specialist
Catherine Smith and Tim Thomas, Illustrators


Welcome to Air & Space Operations Review (ASOR), the operations-focused peer-reviewed journal of the flagship journal effort of the Department of the Air Force. The journal seeks to foster intellectual discussion and debate among airpower and spacepower practitioners and leaders at home and abroad.

A Long, Rich History
Air University initiated publication of the Air University Quarterly Review in 1947, prior to the establishment of the US Air Force itself. Major General Muir S. Fairchild established this journal as a professional publication in the highest sense of the word—one that would reflect the best professional thought concerning global concepts and doctrines of air strategy and tactics. Since its inauguration, the journal has appeared under the titles Air University Quarterly Review (1947–63), Air University Review (1963–87), Airpower Journal (1987–99), Aerospace Power Journal (1999–2002), Air & Space Power Journal (2002–22), and now Air & Space Operations Review. Since 1947, this periodical has fulfilled its mandate to provide an avenue for Airmen, service members from other branches, Ally and partner military members, and national security practitioners to present their original thinking on the subject of airpower and spacepower operations.

Air & Space Operations Review (ISSN 2771-7704), Air Force Recurring Publication 10-1, published quarterly, is the operations-focused professional journal of the United States Air Force. It is designed to serve as an open forum for the presentation and stimulation of innovative thinking on military, Air Force, and Space Force doctrine, force structure, readiness, innovation, and other matters of national defense related to air and space operations. The views and opinions expressed or implied in the Journal are those of the authors and should not be construed as carrying the official sanction of the Department of Defense, Air Force, Air Education and Training Command, Air University, or other agencies or departments of the US government.

Articles not bearing a copyright notice may be reproduced in whole or in part without permission. Articles bearing a copyright notice may be reproduced for any US government purpose without permission. If they are reproduced, ASOR requests a courtesy line. To obtain permission to reproduce material bearing a copyright notice for other than US government purposes, contact the author of the material rather than ASOR.