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In their Own Words: Military-Civil Fusion Lexicon

This paper is intended as a reference guide for the group of terms frequently used in Chinese official discourse to describe the practice of civil military integration and civil military relations in China.  Although military-civil fusion (MCF) was elevated to a national strategy under Xi Jinping, each generation of leaders of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has promoted a version of this idea, giving rise to the following group of related or overlapping terms.

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