Foreign Adversary Threats to Election Security Published Aug. 25, 2022 By US Cyber Command US Cyber Command TOPIC SPONSOR: US Cyber Command What are the strategic and operational goals and desired end states key foreign adversaries seek to realize through election influence and/or interference? What do key foreign adversaries perceive to be U.S. red lines pertaining to election interference, influence, and disinformation operations? How might foreign influence operations targeting elections graduate to interference and what are the most likely and most dangerous outcome scenarios? Do these scenarios differ by adversaries? How might key foreign adversaries using or intend to use synthetic media, artificial intelligence, deep fakes, cheap fakes, shallow fakes, and other new emergent technologies to interfere or improperly influence U.S. elections? How are key foreign adversaries engaging in languages other than English to influence U.S. policy, popular attitudes, or election discourse in ways favorable to the adversary? Crouch, Lt Col. Carrianne, "Information is power : for Russia, it is really all about defense" AWC PSP, 2020, 46 pgs. Gutierrez, Maj. Eddy, "Connect to Divide: Social Media in 21st Century Warfare" ACSC paper, 2020, 30 pgs. Prize Winner: Armed Forces Communications & Electronics Association Award Jaramillo, Lt. Col. Romel, "Russian Interference," AWC elective paper, 2019, 8 pgs. Welch, Col. Christopher M., "Russian Disinformation in Europe and Its Implications for NATO's Future Strategy," AWC PSP, 2022, 39 pgs.