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Maxwell Papers

The Maxwell Papers are the Air War College’s (AWC) selection of the best professional studies papers from its graduates. These works, meant to highlight topics of importance to senior leaders and support discussion and further investigation, demonstrate the excellent research and analytical capabilities of AWC students. The Maxwell Papers are an outstanding example of the research work done at AWC as students hone their critical thinking skills while tackling real-world problems facing the Air Force in the twenty-first century. 

  •  Principles of War for Cyberspace

    Principles of War for Cyberspace

    Lieutenant Colonel Steven E. Cahanin, USAF
    As the US Air Force develops doctrine, education, and organization for cyberspace, the traditional principles of war must be considered to see how and if they apply to cyberspace, and under what situations, so we can develop a conceptual foundation for effective cyberspace war-fighting doctrine. Most importantly, we should understand the cyberspace domain requires a new and different way of thinking to develop the most useful doctrine, education, and organizational structures. We must avoid falling into the trap of merely rewording existing air and space doctrine by simply replacing "air" or "space" with "cyber." [Lieutenant Colonel Steven E. Cahanin, USAF / 2012 / 25 pages / ISBN: / AU Press Code: MP-61]
  •  Quality Air Force in an Emergency

    Quality Air Force in an Emergency

    David F. Bird Jr., Lieutenant Colonel, USAF
    The Air Force has challenged leaders to integrate and use quality principles as a way to improve operations throughout the service. In this study Lt Col David F. Bird, USAF, reminds us that these quality principles apply to emergency response forces----both before and during a crisis. He proposes that senior leaders view quality concepts and principles as a way of creating an environment to spark the highest performance by their subordinates and not as giving up authority or control. At wing level, the disaster control group forms in response to a crisis incident ranging from an aircraft accident to natural disasters. Quality concepts and tools apply to this emergency response organization’s plans, priorities, and the way it inter -acts with the many different agencies involved in a major complex crisis. Therefore, Bird expounds, senior leaders or potential on-scene commanders should see quality as a strategic, integrated system with a leadership style that involves everyone in the organization in controlling and continuously improving ways to stabilize the incident. Colonel Bird believes that quality concepts such as organizational vision, strategic planning, management by fact, customer focus, and continuous improvement can turn an emergency response force into a world-class organization. [David F. Bird Jr., Lieutenant Colonel, USAF / 1996 / 32 pages / ISBN: / AU Press Code: MP-2]
  •  Red Is Good

    Red Is Good

    Col Paul J. Mcaneny, USAF
    Col Paul “P. J.” McAneny offers an analysis focused on aircraft maintenance but applicable to the entire force and recommends cultural changes to support lasting transformation. He examines the impact of metrics on transformation and evaluates the USAF aircraft maintenance culture. He asks several questions: Can focused metrics precede cultural change? Does the aircraft maintenance community support a Red Is Good culture, in which metrics are used to illuminate problems rather than measure success or failure? If so, is the community a true learning organization that can maximize its impact through continuous process-improvement initiatives? The answers lead Colonel McAneny to recommend several Air Force–level changes to meet long-term aircraft readiness and reliability targets. [Col Paul J. Mcaneny, USAF / 2009 / 46 pages / ISBN: / AU Press Code: MP-46]
  •  Remote Sensing and Mass Migration Policy Development

    Remote Sensing and Mass Migration Policy Development

    Mary D. Dysart, DAFC
    Mass migration is a global problem that affects displaced persons, their countries of origin, and the nations that voluntarily or involuntarily receive them. The 2010 US National Security Strategy recognized the domestic and international perils that refugees and the underlying causes for their dislocation represent and acknowledged that future conflicts caused by scarce resources, environmental disasters, or refugees were possible. [Mary D. Dysart, DAFC / 2012 / 35 pages / ISBN: / AU Press Code: MP-065]
  •  Security and Peace in the Middle East

    Security and Peace in the Middle East

    David G. Curdy
    In this excellent essay Lt Col David G. Curdy examines the prospects for democratic transitions in the Middle East. He notes that with the conclusion of the cold war, the basis for US Middle East policy, which had centered around oil, Israel, and the Soviet Union, should be reexamined and, perhaps, redesigned. Moreover, major political events stemming from the 1990--91 Gulf War have reenergized efforts to implement democratic processes within the region. Colonel Curdy argues that the West has generally held the view that democracy and Islam are mutually exclusive and incompatible. However, he notes that the Islam-based tradi - tions of consultation, consensus, and independent judgment are being used today to legitimize the rise of democracy in a number of Arab states. In opposition to this democratizing trend is the rise of Islamic radicalism which rejects evolution - ary political change and liberal political formulas. The clash of these two approaches will severely test US policy in the Middle East. Contemporaneous with these political currents is a new phase in resolving the decades-old Palestinian- Israeli conflict. The Palestinians’ struggle to create a demo - cratic identity will be key in establishing their economic vital-ity and in reassuring Israelis that a Palestinian state will not be a security threat. [David G. Curdy / 1996 / 27 pages ISBN: / AU Press Code: MP-4]
  •  Seller Beware

    Seller Beware

    Lieutenant Colonel Wayne M. Johnson, USAF
    As was the case during the cold war, the national military strategy of the United States relies on technologically superior forces to achieve our objectives when the armed forces are called on to protect the United States and its interests. However, as the military downsizes, preserving a technologically superior force while also maintaining a robust defense industrial base becomes more difficult. One means the United States uses to preserve the industrial base is to maintain demand by selling our military goods to other countries. While foreign military sales (FMS) alone will not keep the US industrial base viable, they have become more significant than in the days of larger US defense procurements. In 1996, for example, FMS exceeded $10 billion. Indeed, FMS can spell the difference between continued existence and bankruptcy for some of our defense contractors. The perceived need to sell overseas while safeguarding US advanced technologies appears to be a conflicting goal because of the technology transfer involved. In this important study, Lt Col Wayne Johnson, USAF, argues that systematic tightening of interagency cooperation and better work on defining sensitive technology prohibitions are needed to maintain the US technological edge. He also maintains that the US government requires a new and disciplined export control process—not the cur -rent mosaic of rules, regulations, and perspectives that came out of the cold war, but a process that provides a revamped, systemic approach with consistent implementation. Colonel Johnson explores the problem of defining which technologies the United States is willing to transfer (military or dual-use) and the need to ensure that national security objectives do not take a backseat to economic expediency. [Lieutenant Colonel Wayne M. Johnson, USAF / 1998 / 34 pages / ISBN: / AU Press Code: MP-16]
  •  Spectrum Management

    Spectrum Management

    Lt Col Mary E. Griswold, USAF
    Can the future of highly technical unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) depend on something as minor as frequencies? The answer is an overwhelming yes, and, by the way, frequencies and spectrum management are not minor players in today’s global operations. The Department of Defense’s (DOD) Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) Roadmap, 2005–2030 (Washington, DC: Office of the Secretary of Defense, 4 August 2005) reported an increased demand from combatant commanders for UAS support, stating that the DOD’s challenge is “the rapid and coordinated integration of this technology to support the joint fight” (1). This increased demand could be the logical effect of a February 2004 report by the Defense Science Board recommending that the acquisition and operational fielding of unmanned aerial vehicles be accelerated. Despite promoting their increased fielding and use, both documents are open about deficiencies and challenges. [t Col Mary E. Griswold, USAF / 2008, 19 pages / ISBN: / AU Press Code: MP-44]
  •  Star and Crescent

    Star and Crescent

    Lieutenant Colonel Joseph M. Codispoti, USAF
    In this study Lt Col Joseph M. Codispoti, USAF, de-scribes an emerging partnership between two long-time al-lies of the United States—Turkey and Israel. On the surface this Muslim-Jewish partnership seems unlikely, particularly on the fringes of the Arab world. A closer examination, however, reveals a number of mutual security interests and a shared sense of isolation at the crossroads of Europe, Central Asia, and the Middle East. Colonel Codispoti begins his study by examining relations between Turkey and Israel from the founding of Israel in 1948 through the 1980s. While relations vacillated during these early years, the foundation was built for deeper and more significant ties. The advent of post-Cold War instability in the arc of crisis served as the catalyst for growing and extensive political, military, and economic links between the unlikely partners. This study concludes by addressing future possibilities for and barriers to the emerging Turco-Israeli partnership, as well as its far-reaching potential to bring stability or conflict to the region. [Lieutenant Colonel Joseph M. Codispoti, USAF/ 2000 / 30 pages / ISBN: / AU Press Code: MP-22]
  •  Tanker-Force Structure

    Tanker-Force Structure

    Juan C. Narvid
    In Tanker-Force Structure: Recapitalization of the KC-135, Col Narvid challenges air mobility warriors to develop a tanker-force structure that overcomes the thinking of old to launch new concepts and capabilities for the future tanker. He argues that the future of warfare will require a tanker that is able to operate as a force enabler across the full spectrum of operations. This research is very timely with the Boeing 767 being looked at as a replacement for some of the older KC-135s. In contrast to some of the 767’s capabilities, he outlines a conceptual tanker that combines airlift and aerial-refueling capabilities and is able to survive in a combat environment, and he leverages its ability to act as a platform to enhance network-centric warfare. He points out that while the “Cadillac” of all tankers may only be conceived in the minds of Airmen, the tanker of the future cannot resemble the single-role tanker of the past. [Juan C. Narvid / 2004 / 37 pages / ISBN: / AU Press Code: MP-32]
  •  The Air Expeditionary Force

    The Air Expeditionary Force

    Lieutenant Colonel Michael J. Nowak, USAF
    Contrary to initial expectations, the end of the cold war has not resulted in a spontaneous outbreak of interna -tional peace and stability. While the nuclear threat has diminished, previously suppressed ethnic and nationalistic rivalries have boiled over and become additive to existing trouble spots in Korea and Southwest Asia. In spite of these challenges, defense spending and military forward presence have declined as the lack of a peer competitor has deprived our national security strategy of a definable threat. The Air Expeditionary Force (AEF) attempts to deal with the uncertainty of the current volatile world by providing regional commanders in chief with effects-based packages of airpower that can quickly respond to US national secu -rity requirements. This employment strategy attempts to balance international uncertainty with a decreased forward presence and reduced force structure. Recently the Air Force has also touted the AEF as a tool to manage an operational tempo and deployment rate problem that is causing retention difficulties. In his paper Colonel Nowak, USAF, argues that while the AEF is a step in the right direction, the focus appears to be too narrow. Current Air Force AEF planning is oriented toward a conventional force-on-force-style aggression like those aggressions we have seen in Iraq and the former republics of Yugoslavia. However, the most probable use of an AEF will be in a noncombat role, supporting humanitarian or peacekeeping operations. In these "nontradi-tional" types of AEFs, personnel and leadership skills, as well as the force composition, will be markedly different from a combat-style AEF. [Lieutenant Colonel Michael J. Nowak, USAF / 1999 / 25 pages / ISBN: / AU Press Code: MP-19]
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