Dr. Shannon W. Caudill Published March 2, 2020 Author of Defending Air Bases in an Age of Insurgency Vol I-III Dr. Shannon W. Caudill, Colonel, USAF (ret), is an executive coach, leadership development consultant, communication instructor, author, and Walker Executive Leadership Fellow. With over 17 years of college-level teaching experience, Dr. Caudill has served as a faculty member and adjunct at the US Air Force’s Air War College, Air Command and Staff College, Lake Region State College (LRSC), and the University of Charleston (UC). He is the former Deputy Chairman of Air Command and Staff College’s Leadership and Strategy Department. Dr. Caudill wrote numerous articles and white papers on terrorism, interagency leadership, base defense, and law enforcement, which have been published in peer reviewed journals like Air and Space Power Journal, Joint Force Quarterly, American Diplomacy, and The Guardian—the Joint Staff’s antiterrorism publication. He is the editor and coauthor of the three-volume book series Defending Air Bases in an Age of Insurgency and is a former member of Air University Press’ Publication Review Board. Additionally, following his passion for history and baseball, he is the editor and coauthor of the 2020 book Baseball in Kennesaw. Air Force Career: Dr. Caudill served in the Air Force from September 1991 to September 2016. During his military service, he was a squadron commander for three security forces squadrons (one in combat) ranging in size from 95 to 1,000 people and accumulated 18 months of combat experience in Iraq. His final military assignment was at the Jeanne M. Holm Center for Officer Accessions and Citizen Development at Maxwell Air Force Base, Montgomery, Alabama. In this role, he was responsible for a $154 million budget, oversaw 42 facilities valued at over $200 million, and managed a learning management system and human resources expertise supporting over 132,000 personnel worldwide in the Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps, Air Force Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps, Officer Training School, and Headquarters US Air Force Civil Air Patrol. Academic Pursuits: Dr. Caudill is passionate about coaching, mentoring, and teaching others. As a member of the LRSC faculty, he organized first-ever college programs for military members in Iraq, Kuwait, and Greenland. He graduated with a Doctorate in Executive Leadership (DEL) in 2022 from UC. His dissertation validated the existence of barriers and biases faced by women Air Force officers during their leadership development and progression. In 2022, Dr. Caudill presented his dissertation findings to the Department of the Air Force's Women's Initiative Team and Air University’s Leadership Educational Development Experience-Social Innovation (LEDxSI) conference in 2022. Dr. Caudill is currently collaborating with other academics on a book proposal focused on leadership and command. Writing, Teaching, and Executive Leadership Award Highlights: Air University Press “Most Downloaded Publication” 2014 Air Command and Staff College Military Instructor of the Year Award 2011 The Joint Staff’s Lance P. Sijan Leadership Award 2009 Joint Staff College Transformation Writing Award 2008 Defending Air Bases in an Age of Insurgency Vol I-III Defending Air Bases in an Age of Insurgency This anthology discusses the converging operational issues of air base defense and counterinsurgency. It explores the diverse challenges associated with defending air assets and joint personnel in a counterinsurgency environment. The authors are primarily Air Force officers from security forces, intelligence, and the office of special investigations, but works are included from a US Air Force pilot and a Canadian air force officer. The authors examine lessons from Vietnam, Iraq, Afghanistan, and other conflicts as they relate to securing air bases and sustaining air operations in a high-threat counterinsurgency environment. The essays review the capabilities, doctrine, tactics, and training needed in base defense operations and recommend ways in which to build a strong, synchronized ground defense partnership with joint and combined forces. The authors offer recommendations on the development of combat leaders with the depth of knowledge, tactical and operational skill sets, and counterinsurgency mind set necessary to be effective in the modern asymmetric battlefield. [Shannon W. Caudill, Colonel, USAF / 2014 / 471 pages / ISBN: 978-1-58566-241-8 / AU Press Code: B-136] Defending Air Bases in an Age of Insurgency Authors offer their experiences from the field regarding air base security and discuss modern air support for base defense, counterintelligence enablers, commander responsibilities for air base defense, lessons from the Afghanistan theater of operations, projected technological advances in base defense, and unique operational defensive challenges at a conflict’s beginning (getting in) and end (getting out). [Shannon W. Caudill, Colonel, USAF, Retired / 2019 / 452 pages / ISBN: 9781585662418 / AU Press Code: B-154] Defending Air Bases in an Age of Insurgency This third and final volume in the AU Press monograph series Defending Air Bases in an Age of Insurgency provides concise principles designed to assist Air Force and Space Force commanders in better understanding their role in base defense to better protect their people, resources, and war-fighting assets. Volume I of this book was Air University Press’s number one download in 2014; Volume II was released in 2019. Volume III distills lessons and recommendations from the preceding two volumes to provide commanders the most concise view of the issues and concepts at stake in fulfilling their base defense roles. This volume provides future wing, group, and squadron commanders and maturing Air Force and Space Force leaders some guiding principles through which they can better lead, protect, and secure their people, and air- and space power assets. Volume III outlines 10 base defense principles for commanders: (1) You Own It! (commander responsibilities for base defense); (2) Get Left of the Boom: Deter, Disrupt, Deceive; (3) Influence the Base Security Zone . . . or Someone Else Will; (4) Unity of Effort: Synchronize the Fight; (5) Everyone Must Have a Role in the Base Defense . . . and Play It!; (6) Intelligence Drives Maneuver: A Joint-Interagency Approach Is Critical; (7) Air-mindedness Includes Using Air Assets for Base Defense; (8) Law Enforcement Skills Are Critical to Base Defense and Irregular Warfare; (9) Manage the Risk: Commit Intellectual Capital to the Fight; and (10) Nowhere to Hide: Anticipate Future Threats and Develop Countermeasures. [Col Shannon W. Caudill, USAF, Retired / 2021 / 87 pp / ISBN 9781585662883 / B-169] Author Interview Q1: What prompted you to write this series? The genesis of this book series comes from what I view as a fundamental need for Airmen to better understand base defense and its nexus with irregular warfare operations. The idea for volume I was born from my own frustration as I began my preparations for deploying to Joint Base Balad, Iraq, in 2009. I found it difficult to access relevant material on defending air bases in a counterinsurgency environment because too few had taken the time to examine and share their thoughts on these subjects. Few wrote on this subject, and those that did often found their research papers buried in a military library or lessons-learned report—or overclassified and forgotten, if written in the field. There were only three other dated studies of note on the subject of air base defense, which were primarily focused on the Vietnam experience and did not discuss counterinsurgency in any detail. After I returned from Iraq in 2010, I cowrote an article called “Defending the Joint Force: Lessons Learned from Joint Base Balad,” which appeared in Air and Space Power Journal’s 2011 Spring edition. I am deeply appreciative of the support and encouragement I received from Dr. Dan Mortensen, dean of Air Force Research Institute (AFRI), who encouraged me to write more about base defense for Air University Press. Over the course of a year and a half, Dr. Mortensen was generous with his time and advice as I labored to mature a manuscript on the subjects of base defense and counterinsurgency. The work contained in volume I, published in 2014, reopened the air base defense historiography and updated the literature in this field of study. The anthology encompassed the lessons learned from air base defense in Iraq, Afghanistan, and more recent conflicts, and explored best practices for base defenders when operating in a counterinsurgency environment. Volume II, published in 2020, examined additional lessons from Afghanistan, Iraq, and Vietnam, evaluated how best to provide base defense in dispersed operations and the pivot to the Pacific, scrutinized the strategic effect of air base attacks, reviewed the responsibilities of commanders in defending their people and war-fighting assets, and exposed base defense challenges at the beginning (getting in) and end of conflicts (getting out). Importantly, volume II featured material collected through a research partnership with the Air Force Historical Research Agency, which assessed and categorized the effects of air base attacks during the Iraq Conflict (2003–12) using Air Force history reports. Finally, volume III, published in 2021, was specifically designed to be a short read for busy non-security forces commanders to quickly grasp their base defense responsibilities. Volume III captures the more cogent lessons from volumes I and II to benefit commanders by offering ten short principles in leading an integrated base defense. Q2: What do you want readers to take from this work? The goal of this anthology was to stir discussion and debate about how best to protect airpower in the future. It is my hope, and the hope of my co-authors, that these three volumes will spur interest in the history of air base defense, generate healthy deliberation regarding better methods for protecting air assets in irregular warfare environments and against peer competitors, and lead to strategies and methods that better prepare Airmen for deployment to high-threat areas. Dr. Alan Vick, a senior political scientist, RAND Corporation, author of Snakes in the Eagle’s Nest: A History of Ground Attacks on Air Bases and Air Base Attacks and Defensive Counters: Historical Lessons and Future Challenges, was an inspiration for this book series and wrote the following review after volume III was released: Defending Air Bases in an Age of Insurgency: Integrated Base Defense Principles for Commanders is the final volume of the Air University Press trilogy on air base ground defense. The first two volumes present a uniquely comprehensive assessment of integrated base defense combat lessons learned and evolving requirements. Thus, volumes I and II were directed primarily at an audience comprised of professional air base defenders, analysts, and scholars. Volume III perfectly complements the first two volumes, offering 10 principles for base commanders who typically will not have Security Forces backgrounds. The 10 principles are crisp and pithy but also well-grounded in history, offering practical advice that all base commanders would be wise to heed. The three volumes in this set are an invaluable resource and belong on the bookshelves of every air base defender, base commander, and airpower analyst. (2021) Q3: Did any unanticipated findings emerge from your research? Despite persistent attacks, USCENTCOM and the US Air Force were so unconcerned by the air base defense threat in Iraq that they did not track the number of aircraft damaged or destroyed due to ground attack. When the data was requested, Air Forces Central directed researchers to the Air Force Historical Research Agency to cull through history reports. After a year of research, students at Air Command and Staff College (ACSC) found that only 15 fixed-wing aircraft had been damaged across all the bases—10 in Balad and 5 in Baghdad— with zero aircraft destroyed. While the United States has been largely successful in defending its air bases in Iraq and Afghanistan, the enemy in these conflicts was not optimally trained, organized, or equipped. It would be wrong to simply cite air base defense efforts in Iraq and Afghanistan as the proper template for future defense or perpetuate the mind-set that new thinking is not needed to meet future threats. Vietnam showed what a determined, well-trained, and committed foe could accomplish in attacking air bases. In the future, the merging of competent irregular enemy forces with precision weapons and modern technology will likely be the impetus for the real change needed to treat the defense of airfields with the seriousness of purpose it truly deserves. Given the replacement cost and lengthy manufacturing timetables of modern aircraft, the USAF and its coalition partners would not be able to sustain Vietnam-level ground-attack losses. Leaders must ensure that the full spectrum of air base threats is addressed, including the traditional ground threat married with the high-tech capabilities of precision-guided indirect fire and remotely piloted vehicles. It is often said that generals try to fight the last war. The lack of enemy effectiveness against air bases in recent conflicts should not lull leaders into under-resourcing or dismissing the growing threats against air bases. Additional Publications “Lessons Learned: The Fort Dix Six,” Guardian: The Source for Antiterrorism Information 9, no. 3 (Winter 2007). “Transforming Department of Defense (DOD) Law Enforcement,” Guardian: The Source for Antiterrorism Information 10, no. 2 (2008): 9–18. “Interagency Leadership: The Case for Strengthening the Department of State,” American Diplomacy (March 2008). “Hizballah Rising: Iran’s Proxy Warriors,” Joint Force Quarterly 49 (2nd quarter, 2008): 128–34. (Note: Reprinted by the Indian government in their military professional journal.) “Defending the Joint Force: Lessons Learned from Joint Base Balad,” Air and Space Power Journal XXV, no. 1 (Spring 2011): 89–100. (Note: Reprinted by ASPJ in its Portuguese edition at the request of the Brazilian government in 2012.) “Nowhere to Hide: The Growing Threat to Air Bases,” Air and Space Power Journal (ASPJ) XXVII, no. 3 (May–June 2013): 30–46. Defending Air Bases in an Age of Insurgency, vol. I. Maxwell AFB, AL: Air University Press, May 2014. (Air University Press’s no. 1 download for 2014). Defending Air Bases in an Age of Insurgency, vol. II. Maxwell AFB, AL: Air University Press, March 2019. Baseball in Kennesaw, Mount Pleasant, SC: Arcadia Press, 9 November 2020. Defending Air Bases in an Age of Insurgency, vol. III. Maxwell AFB, AL: Air University Press, March 2021.