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  • Opportunities and Implications of Brain-computer Interface Technology

    This paper examines the implications of a technological convergence of biotechnology and cyber technology and how best to prepare for the exponential change triggered by this emerging field. This convergence, specifically brain-computer interface (BCI) technology, is enabling bidirectional communication between the brain and a computer. Clinical applications are significant, offering treatments for epilepsy, dementia, nervous system disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, traumatic brain injury, as well as advanced prosthetics. In some cases, BCIs may be able to not just restore functionality but also augment it. New noninvasive techniques are now showing benefits to the point where healthy individuals may opt to have BCIs installed to augment their abilities. This paper will explore the opportunities this technology creates for the United States Air Force (USAF) to enhance combat capability, particularly in high-workload career fields, and the policy choices needed to prepare for the next 20 years. It concludes that in order to seize these opportunities, the USAF needs to act now on currently available technologies to foster a culture of increased experimentation and calculated risk-taking. [Maj Mark W. Vahle / 2020 / 27 pages / ISSN 2687-7260 / AU Press Code: WF-75]
  • Artificial Intelligence for Command and Control of Air Power

    Computational power, data collection, and algorithm capabilities are increasing at an exponential rate. Artificial Intelligence (AI) advances demonstrate the ability to augment human thoughts and actions in countless areas, among which include the Command and Control (C2) of joint airpower. To triumph in future wars, the United States requires the capability to create multiple dilemmas across multiple domains at an overwhelming speed while preventing the enemy from doing the same. AI will provide the cognitive agility required to C2 forces in providing this capability overmatch. The side with an information advantage and ability to react with high-velocity decision-making will decide the outcome of future wars. This paper attempts to familiarize the reader with some common types and functions of AI explores specific application areas, and recommends solutions assisting joint targeting using airpower. The development of a weapon to target a pairing system reveals specifics using an example AI creation process. Along with explaining the construction of AI models, this paper also proposes a process for preparing and validating AI for operational use and discusses essential implementation considerations. The desired end state for AI employment in the C2 of joint airpower is efficient human-machine teaming and increased cognitive agility. [Maj Matthew R. Voke / 2019 / 63 pages / ISSN: 2687-7260 / AU Press Code: WF-72]
  • Artificial Intelligence, China, Russia, and the Global Order

    A wide variety of perspectives on the different uses of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Russia and China and the impact this will have on the Global Order. Essays are from leading defense professionals, academics, think tanks, and policy developers. A comprehensive primer for those concerned with how emerging technologies will influence the west's near-peer competitors. [Nicholas Wright, ed. / 2019 / 312 pages / ISBN: 9781585662951 / AU Press Code: B-0161]
  • Debating in Hi-Def: The Need for More Detailed Understanding in the Discussion over Autonomous Weapon Systems

    JAG School Paper Series, paper no. 2, a runner-up award winner in the 2017 JAG School writing competition, identifies gaps and inaccuracies in the discourse on robots, autonomous weapons, and the law. [Evan K. Field / 2017 / 33 pages / ISSN: 2643-8933 / AU Press Code: JP-002]
  • Taming Killer Robots: Giving Meaning to the “Meaningful Human Control” Standard for Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems

    JAG School Paper Series, paper no. 1, top award winner in the 2017 JAG School writing competition, assesses disparate views on autonomous weapon systems and artificial intelligence and how technological advances relate to the traditional laws of armed conflict and recommends a three-factor test. [Adam Cook / 2017 / 29 pages / ISSN: 2643-8933 / AU Press Code: JP-001]
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