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  • Practical Guide to Negotiating in the Military, Third Edition

    The Practical Guide for Negotiating in the Military is a sourcebook for all leaders. It contains all the essential concepts and applications to help military leaders be more proficient negotiators. We all have our natural negotiating preferences, and if left to our own, will default to this preference. This “one-size-fits-all” approach makes negotiating a reactive process for many. For routine situations, this may be an adequate negotiating strategy. This guidebook advocates that negotiations become more of a proactive and deliberate process. This is due to the nature of military operations. There are many routine and predictable conditions, but then there are many more novel and/or unpredictable situations requiring a more deliberate response rather than a conditioned reaction. This guidebook provides the tools for both understanding the concepts and applying them, changing the “one-size-fits-all” philosophy into a toolkit of available options – choose the right tool based on the conditions. [Stefan Eisen Jr./ 2019 / 160 pages / ISBN: 978-1-58566-294-4 / AU Press Code: B-158]
  • Artificial Intelligence for Command and Control of Air Power

    Computational power, data collection, and algorithm capabilities are increasing at an exponential rate. Artificial Intelligence (AI) advances demonstrate the ability to augment human thoughts and actions in countless areas, among which include the Command and Control (C2) of joint airpower. To triumph in future wars, the United States requires the capability to create multiple dilemmas across multiple domains at an overwhelming speed while preventing the enemy from doing the same. AI will provide the cognitive agility required to C2 forces in providing this capability overmatch. The side with an information advantage and ability to react with high-velocity decision-making will decide the outcome of future wars. This paper attempts to familiarize the reader with some common types and functions of AI explores specific application areas, and recommends solutions assisting joint targeting using airpower. The development of a weapon to target a pairing system reveals specifics using an example AI creation process. Along with explaining the construction of AI models, this paper also proposes a process for preparing and validating AI for operational use and discusses essential implementation considerations. The desired end state for AI employment in the C2 of joint airpower is efficient human-machine teaming and increased cognitive agility. [Maj Matthew R. Voke / 2019 / 63 pages / ISSN: 2687-7260 / AU Press Code: WF-72]
  • Bridging the Gap: How an Airborne Mobile-Mesh Network Can Overcome Space Vulnerabilities in Tomorrow’s Fight

    The US Air Force’s heavy reliance on space capabilities makes it vulnerable to potentially crippling asymmetric multi-domain attacks in the near future. While Air Force leaders have identified the importance of maintaining dominance in the space domain, their goal of attaining resilient and survivable systems in the future is not immediately attainable. Peer competitors and potential adversaries already possess several operational and developmental capabilities, which place critical US space assets on the losing side of a cost-exchange battle. An option to mitigate many of these risks exists in an airborne mobile-mesh network hosted initially by the Air Force’s high-altitude ISR platforms. Both the U-2S Dragon Lady and RQ-4B Global Hawk provide an excellent foundation upon which the Air Force can field and operationalize an airborne mobile-mesh network in the battlespace to augment critical space capabilities. Compared to the extreme cost of vulnerable satellites, such a network could be cost-efficient and provide improved resilient capabilities to the Joint Force without requiring drastic changes in operational tactics, techniques, and procedures. This research proposes that the US Air Force rapidly field a mobile-mesh network using existing technology and platforms, and then continue to build the network and processing capabilities over the next decade. The Air Force’s vulnerabilities in space have the potential to impact combat operations in every domain across the globe. It is time to capitalize upon research and investments already made and make the first step toward a truly connected and networked force. [Maj Travis Patterson / 2019 / 48 pages / ISSN: 2687-7260 / AU Press Code: WF-71]
  • The Ultimate Challenge: Attribution for Cyber Operations

    The inherent nature of cyberspace has created an opportunity for adversaries to exploit vulnerabilities of victim state’s cyberinfrastructures anonymously for a myriad of reasons. States and nonstate actors can use multiple avenues and techniques to route malicious malware with relative ease and safety. Further, states can utilize nonstate actors in their efforts to achieve political goals with the ability to deny involvement in the act. This is due to both the nature of cyberspace, deficiencies in international law, and the limitations of technical attribution. Therefore, this paper explores what factors, under international law, could be considered in holding nation-states or nonstate actors accountable for malicious cyber acts. The problem/solution method is used to review the relevant deficiencies in international law, general problems associated with attribution in the cyber domain, and other variables that could produce a more comprehensive assessment of whether a particular entity should be held accountable for a cyber action. Instituting and utilizing a multi-dimensional approach to attribution can provide the information necessary to determine responsibility for malicious cyber acts and provide victim states the confidence to respond appropriately. [Maj Amanda G. Hill / 2019 / 41 pages / ISSN: 2687-7260 / AU Press Code: WF-70]
  • Combat Search and Rescue: Restoring Promise to a Sacred Assurance

    This research paper analyzes historical data from Southeast Asia, Operation Desert Storm, and Operation Allied Force to identify combat search and rescue (CSAR) helicopter shortfalls that endanger viable personnel recovery in a major theater war. It identifies still-relevant survivability requirements and suggests a helicopter fleet size based on historical asset density ratios. A comparative mission planning analysis reframes the benefit of increased helicopter speed in terms of reduced fighter and tanker requirements for long-range CSAR. This analysis of historical and contemporary issues informs a four-phase proposal to equip and organize the CSAR helicopter force for future relevance. [Maj Brandon T. Losacker / 2019 / 116 pages / ISSN: 2687-7260 / AU Press Code: WF-68]
  • Military Negotiation as Meta-Leadership: Engage and Align for Mission Success

    This paper proposes a need for negotiation as an engaged leadership competency throughout the military. The paper speaks to the unique aspects of negotiation and conflict resolution in both benign and hostile military environments. When taking into consideration the economics of defense, negotiation provides leaders with standard grammar and processes by which to reduce the costs associated with decision-making and joint problem-solving. Discussed are strategies for operationalizing negotiation at tactical, operational, and strategic levels. [Thomas G. Matyók, PhD / 2019 / 43 pages / ISBN 9781585662999 / AU Press Code: METCAT-0001]
  • Artificial Intelligence, China, Russia, and the Global Order

    A wide variety of perspectives on the different uses of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Russia and China and the impact this will have on the Global Order. Essays are from leading defense professionals, academics, think tanks, and policy developers. A comprehensive primer for those concerned with how emerging technologies will influence the west's near-peer competitors. [Nicholas Wright, ed. / 2019 / 312 pages / ISBN: 9781585662951 / AU Press Code: B-0161]
  • The Command of the Air

    Twentieth-century Italian general Giulio Douhet has influenced generations with his theories on airpower and air force development. The book, long-established as essential reading for Air University students, collects separate writings The Command of the Air, The Probable Aspects of the War of the Future, Recapitulation, and The War of 19– into one volume. This 2019 edition builds on a 1942 Italian-to-English translation and includes an index. [Giulio Douhet / 2019 / 362 pages / ISBN: 978-1-58566-296-8 / AU Press Code: B-0160]
  • Instructor Experiences in Traditional, Online, and Hybrid Continuing Education Courses: A Case Study

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine instructor experiences during course transitions from hybrid formats that combine online and face-to-face instruction to fully online instruction using research-based practices. The findings of this study would suggest traditional courses could be transitioned from traditional to online and hybrid delivery with particular attention to allowing sufficient time for course redesign, incorporating interactive online teaching strategies, and providing robust professional development for new online instructors. [Leah Flores Goerke / 2019 / 31 pages / ISSN: 2576-4349 / AU Press Code: EP-2].
  • Asymmetric Advantage: Air Advising in a Time of Strategic Competition

    This project aims to determine how the USAF should organize and present forces for air advising. The project uses a comparative case study approach, analyzing the 6th Special Operations Squadron in the Philippines, expeditionary air advisors in Iraq, and the 81st Fighter Squadron (i.e., Afghan A-29 training). The author finds that more cohesive and sustainable air advisor unit constructs achieve better operational results, and therefore constitute the best cornerstones for a more unified, effective air advising enterprise going forward. On the other hand, ad hoc methods of selecting, training, and deploying air advisors have yielded few operational gains. The author offers several recommendations intended to help the USAF organize and employ air advisors in a more cohesive and sustainable manner. [Michael M. Trimble / 2019 / 131 pages / ISSN: 2575-7539 / AU Press Code: LP-005].   
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