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  • The Ultimate Challenge: Attribution for Cyber Operations

    The inherent nature of cyberspace has created an opportunity for adversaries to exploit vulnerabilities of victim state’s cyberinfrastructures anonymously for a myriad of reasons. States and nonstate actors can use multiple avenues and techniques to route malicious malware with relative ease and safety. Further, states can utilize nonstate actors in their efforts to achieve political goals with the ability to deny involvement in the act. This is due to both the nature of cyberspace, deficiencies in international law, and the limitations of technical attribution. Therefore, this paper explores what factors, under international law, could be considered in holding nation-states or nonstate actors accountable for malicious cyber acts. The problem/solution method is used to review the relevant deficiencies in international law, general problems associated with attribution in the cyber domain, and other variables that could produce a more comprehensive assessment of whether a particular entity should be held accountable for a cyber action. Instituting and utilizing a multi-dimensional approach to attribution can provide the information necessary to determine responsibility for malicious cyber acts and provide victim states the confidence to respond appropriately. [Amanda G. Hill / 2019 / 41 pages / ISSN: 2687-7260 / AU Press Code: WF-70]
  • Combat Search and Rescue: Restoring Promise to a Sacred Assurance

    This research paper analyzes historical data from Southeast Asia, Operation Desert Storm, and Operation Allied Force to identify combat search and rescue (CSAR) helicopter shortfalls that endanger viable personnel recovery in a major theater war. It identifies still-relevant survivability requirements and suggests a helicopter fleet size based on historical asset density ratios. A comparative mission planning analysis reframes the benefit of increased helicopter speed in terms of reduced fighter and tanker requirements for long-range CSAR. This analysis of historical and contemporary issues informs a four-phase proposal to equip and organize the CSAR helicopter force for future relevance. [Brandon T. Losacker / 2019 / 116 pages / ISSN: 2687-7260 / AU Press Code: WF-68]
  • Military Negotiation as Meta-Leadership: Engage and Align for Mission Success

    This paper proposes a need for negotiation as an engaged leadership competency throughout the military. The paper speaks to the unique aspects of negotiation and conflict resolution in both benign and hostile military environments. When taking into consideration the economics of defense, negotiation provides leaders with standard grammar and processes by which to reduce the costs associated with decision-making and joint problem-solving. Discussed are strategies for operationalizing negotiation at tactical, operational, and strategic levels. [Thomas G. Matyók, PhD / 2019 / 43 pages / ISBN 9781585662999 / AU Press Code: METCAT-0001]
  • Artificial Intelligence, China, Russia, and the Global Order

    A wide variety of perspectives on the different uses of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Russia and China and the impact this will have on the Global Order. Essays are from leading defense professionals, academics, think tanks, and policy developers. A comprehensive primer for those concerned with how emerging technologies will influence the west's near-peer competitors. [Nicholas Wright, ed. / 2019 / 312 pages / ISBN: 9781585662951 / AU Press Code: B-0161]
  • The Command of the Air

    Twentieth-century Italian general Giulio Douhet has influenced generations with his theories on airpower and air force development. The book, long-established as essential reading for Air University students, collects separate writings The Command of the Air, The Probable Aspects of the War of the Future, Recapitulation, and The War of 19– into one volume. This 2019 edition builds on a 1942 Italian-to-English translation and includes an index. [Giulio Douhet / 2019 / 362 pages / ISBN: 978-1-58566-296-8 / AU Press Code: B-0160]
  • Instructor Experiences in Traditional, Online, and Hybrid Continuing Education Courses: A Case Study

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine instructor experiences during course transitions from hybrid formats that combine online and face-to-face instruction to fully online instruction using research-based practices. The findings of this study would suggest traditional courses could be transitioned from traditional to online and hybrid delivery with particular attention to allowing sufficient time for course redesign, incorporating interactive online teaching strategies, and providing robust professional development for new online instructors. [Leah Flores Goerke / 2019 / 31 pages / ISSN: 2576-4349 / AU Press Code: EP-2].
  • Asymmetric Advantage: Air Advising in a Time of Strategic Competition

    This project aims to determine how the USAF should organize and present forces for air advising. The project uses a comparative case study approach, analyzing the 6th Special Operations Squadron in the Philippines, expeditionary air advisors in Iraq, and the 81st Fighter Squadron (i.e., Afghan A-29 training). The author finds that more cohesive and sustainable air advisor unit constructs achieve better operational results, and therefore constitute the best cornerstones for a more unified, effective air advising enterprise going forward. On the other hand, ad hoc methods of selecting, training, and deploying air advisors have yielded few operational gains. The author offers several recommendations intended to help the USAF organize and employ air advisors in a more cohesive and sustainable manner. [Michael M. Trimble / 2019 / 131 pages / ISSN: 2575-7539 / AU Press Code: LP-005].   
  • Aim High: The Effects of Online Teaching in Air Force Enlisted Leadership Education

    The purpose of this three-stage Delphi study was to analyze the beliefs of a panel of experts in the field of enlisted leadership education concerning the effectiveness of converting the Air Force's Enlisted Professional Military Education program from resident to online instruction. The author suggests the program’s transition from resident to online learning could result in significant cost savings; however, a premature transition of the program—without verifying the outcomes—could render graduates of the program less effective leaders. [Mack Arthur Cockrell / 2019 / 101 pages / ISSN 2576-4349 / AU Press Code: EP-3].
  • Electromagnetic Defense Task Force 2.0—2019 Report

    In spring 2019 Air University hosted subject matter experts from across the country to expand on the accomplishments of the inaugural Electromagnetic Defense Task Force (EDTF). Building on the 2018 summit, the 2019 EDTF summit advanced and amplified recommendations to leaders nationwide, ensuring the call for awareness, preparation, defense, and mitigation is sounded far and wide. Using extensive research and expertise, EDTF 2.0 participants have contributed to understanding, preparedness, and resilience for communities throughout the United States. [Maj David Stuckenberg, USAF; Amb. R. James Woolsey, Col Douglas DeMaio, USAF; Editor: Donna Budjenska / 2019 / 130 pages / ISSN: 2575-6737 / AU Press Code: LP-4].
  • Hot Topic: Space

    Celebrating the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 Moon landing and want to learn more about the USAF and Space? Take a look at a few, select AU Press and AU resources that will help get you up to speed.
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