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  • Commanders of the PLA Air Force

    In the era of great power competition, it is important to understand all of the actors. Not just organizations and structure, but people as well. On 27 August 2017, Lieutenant General Ding Laihang became the 12th Commander of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Air Force (PLAAF) since 1949. He received his third star with the rank of General in July
  • China’s Recent Ballistic Missile Defense Test May Have Actually Been an Anti-Satellite Test

         China’s Ministry of National Defense (MND) publicly announced that People’s Republic of China (PRC) executed a “land-based mid-course missile intercept technology test (路基中段反导拦截技术试验)on 4 February 2021.     Although the PRC MND identified this event as a “mid-course missile interception test”, it may instead have been an anti-satellite (ASAT)
  • PLA's Science of Military Strategy (2013)

          The “In Their Own Words” series is dedicated to translations of Chinese documents in order to help non-Mandarin speaking audiences access and understand Chinese thinking. CASI would like to thank all of those involved in this effort, especially the teams from our "big brother"/ 大哥 at the China Maritime Studies Institute (CMSI), Project
  • Achieving the PLA's Strategic Support Force talent needs through MCF

    Successful Military-Civil Fusion integration (MCF) is key to realizing China's military space and cyber ambitions. President Xi Jinping has emphasized the importance of this objective, and the recently established People Liberation Army's Strategic Support Force (PLASSF) is a case in point. The PLASSF's recruitment policies and relationships with
  • Jiang Luming- Architect of China's Military-Civil Fusion Strategy

    This short report provides biographical information about Major General Dr. Jiang Luming [姜鲁鸣], an influential thinker and strategist, pioneer in the field of defense economics in China and the preeminent scholar behind China’s Military-Civil Fusion (MCF) strategy.Click here for the full PDF
  • Upholding and Improving the System of Socialism

    The next in our series of In Their Own Words, translated Chinese documents made available for primary source research and reference. The Decision of the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee on Major Issues Concerning Upholding and Improving the System of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics and Advancing the Modernization of China’s System
  • Chinese Airborne C4ISR

         As we move further into the era of 21st century great power competition, it is important to understand the many facets of that competition. This report is the next in a series of studies by the China Aerospace Studies Institute (CASI) that seeks to lay the foundation for better understanding the Aerospace Sector of the People’s Republic of
  • The Improvement of the PLA’s Close Air Support Capability

    In August 2020 the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) indicated that some of its units had made technological and procedural advancements in its capability to provide close air support (CAS). The PLA has been working to develop the systems and procedures to conduct CAS safely and effectively for more than a decade. While these and other recent
  • PLA's Science of Campaigns

         The “In Their Own Words” series is dedicated to translations of Chinese documents in order to help non-Mandarin speaking audiences access and understand Chinese thinking. CASI would like to thank all of those involved in this effort, especially the teams from our "big brother"/ 大哥 at the China Maritime Studies Institute (CMSI), Project
  • Air-to-Air Missiles: Capabilities and Developments In China

    “Good enough”, this is how I often describe China’s short-term ambitions. They don’t need to have a world-class / global-leader military, not yet; what they need is something that is ‘good enough’. This has implications for how China pursues its program of military modernization and its goal to increase its comprehensive national power. They don’t
  • In Their Own Words

    CASI has started a new project we are calling "In Their Own Words".  The CCP and the PLA think of Mandarin characters as their first cipher, their first line of defense, in keeping their thoughts and ideas concealed from the west.  CASI is helping English speaking audiences in accessing these documents.  With a mix of expert human inputs and
  • First PLA Rocket Force CJ-100 Unit Likely Identified

    There is a limited body of evidence that strongly suggests the People’s Liberation Army Rocket Force (PLARF) is equipping its 656th Brigade with the CJ-100 cruise missile (alternatively known as the DF-100). This assessment is based on an image of a probable CJ-100 transporter-erector-launcher (TEL) located at the 656th Brigade’s home garrison in
  • Command of the Air - the view of the PLAAF

         Although the 2004 white paper is the first of the PRC’s defense white papers to note what it calls “command of the air,” identified in the Chinese version as  zhikongquan (制空权), the concept for the PLAAF dates back to the 1960s.  Although the 2015 Defense White Paper, which focused on PLA strategy, did not have a single entry, the Academy of
  • China’s Navy Begins Fielding Newly Manufactured J-15 Carrier-Capable Fighters

    The People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) has likely received a new batch of J-15 carrier-based fighters. Recent video footage released on “Military Express” (军事快播) shows a J-15 with a tail number of “31” and another with either “33” or “35”. All previously known J-15 tail numbers fell within the “10” or “20” series, suggesting aircraft featuring a
  • China's Space Narrative

         Both China and the United States have created separate parts of their military dedicated to space. Commercial, scientific, and military endeavors in space are all intimately linked, and one must understand how they are viewed to better understand how a nation might proceed in one or all of those fields. In accordance with our charter to
  • General Secretary Xi's 5 "Nevers"

    The Chinese version is here:  http://cpc.people.com.cn/n1/2020/0904/c164113-31848883.htmlThe English is here: http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2020-09/04/c_139340869.htmIn order to realize national rejuvenation, it is necessary to uphold the leadership of the CPC, to forge ahead on the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics, to continue
  • CASI Conference-2020 PRC Space Activities

    China Aerospace Studies Institute 2020 Conference on Space activities in the People's Republic of China

  • A Case Study Of The PRC's Hypersonic Systems Development

         Great Power Competition necessitates understanding with whom one is competing. It also requires understanding the breadth and depth that competition and how your competitor is progressing. Hypersonic systems are an emerging area of military technology with potentially transformative effects. Although different types of hypersonic systems have
  • Chinese Views of All-Domain Operations

    Joint All-Domain Operations (JADO), the joint operational concept that has evolved from Multi-Domain Battle (MDB) and then Multi-Domain Operations (MDO), is intended to cope with the military capabilities of Russia and China. Therefore, how Russia’s and China’s defense establishments perceive JADO is important for two reasons. First, their
  • China’s Air Force Wraps Up Large Force Exercise- Likely “Red Sword 2020”

    Starting in June 2020, the Chinese People’s Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) appears to have held a large force exercise in and around the Gobi Desert area in northwest China. This exercise seems involved multiple branches of the PLAAF, including PLAAF aviation, mobile radar, and surface-to-air missile (SAM) units. Based on our understanding of
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