Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Research Articles

  • The Overseas Chinese: Where They Are and the PRC’s Vision

    Captain Alexander C. PumerantzThe People’s Republic of China (PRC) has placed an increasingly greater emphasis on engagement with the communities of Chinese citizens abroad and foreign citizens of Chinese descent, collectively known as the Overseas Chinese. In this paper, the location of the

  • Chinese Investment in the Data Economy

    Captain Jesse LuboveChina is one of the leaders of the internet data economy, and Chinese investments in this area have both commercial and national security implications for the U.S. With apps like TikTok and WeChat, China has collected vast amounts of internet data from millions of Americans. This

  • Accelerate Change or Lose Bangladesh

    Captain Ariful Haqueithin the next five to ten years, China is likely to use its increased economic, infrastructure and military cooperation with Bangladesh as part of its efforts to combat theWestern world order and expand from a regional to a global power broker. China has established an economic

  • ISR Considerations for US National Security The Case for Nigeria

    Captain Misty LastNigeria is the largest, wealthiest, and most influential country within the Gulf of Guinea (GoG) in Africa’s west coast. The GoG is strategically important due to its proximity to the Atlantic trading routes, its access to the Americas, hydrocarbon-rich region, and a trading

  • Taiwan: The Fight for Democracy

    Captain Austin C. PorterUsing the instruments of power (IOP): Diplomatic, Information, Military and Economic domains, this paper presents options for a U.S. response to current escalating aggression from Chairman Xi Jinping over Taiwanese independence and U.S. interests in the East Asia Island

  • Russia Invades the Baltic States: How and Why NATO Must Liberate the Region

    Captain George O. WeltonRussian aggression and malign influence continues to rise throughout the European theater. The threat from Russia is currently focused on Ukraine, but that could easily shift north to the Baltic region. The key difference between Russian threats to Ukraine and the Baltic

  • Reframing Information Warfare Targeting for Complex Adaptive Systems

    Captain Amuru SerikyakuConventional Department of Defense analysis and targeting methodologies view the adversary as a mechanical system. Today, the adversary is broadly defined as a faction of related functional components (individuals, organizations, capabilities, and functions) that enable

  • Optimizing ISR for the Gray Zone

    Captain Christopher WatermanOver the last few decades, China, Russia, and Iran have worked to develop and execute their own Gray Zone warfare doctrine to achieve an edge over the United States. As a result, the United States needs to think differently about how it conducts Intelligence,